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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: Today in Womens History
    Posted: 26-May-2006 at 16:13
    Women's History - May 26th

1877 - Isadora Duncan was born today in San Francisco, California. She became the leader of the modern dance movement and founded dance schools all around the world. Tragically, her husband, Sergie Esenin (a poet) committed suicide after their short marriage and she died when her scarf became entangled in the wheels of her automobile.

Source: http://www.isadoraduncan.org/


Isadora Duncan


Isadora Duncan

1951 - Sally Ride was born today in California, USA. She went on to become an astronaut and the first American woman in space.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sally_Ride


Sally Ride


Sally Ride
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 27-May-2006 at 22:54
    Women's History - May 27th

1818 Amelia Jenks Bloomer was born today. Amelia Bloomer was the woman who introduced Susan B. Anthony to Elizabeth Cady Stanton, initiating a collaboration that would last half a century. She was a writer who published The Lily, a monthly temperance paper whereby she became the voice for Stanton and other advocates of womens interests. She promoted changes in womens restrictive attire, in favor of shorter skirts and knee-length undergarments that came to be known as Bloomers.

Source: http://www.cwrl.utexas.edu/~ulrich/RHE309/vicfembios/ameliabloomer.htm

Amelia Jenks Bloomer


Amelia Jenks Bloomer

1819 Julia Ward Howe was born today. She is best known as the writer of the Battle Hymn of the Republic. She published poetry, plays, travel books and many articles. She played prominent roles in several suffrage organizations and womens clubs. She was very active in the womens rights movement.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_Ward_Howe

Julia Ward Howe
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 28-May-2006 at 23:23
    Women's History - May 28th

1963 Equal Pay Act was passed by Congress, on the recommendation of John F. Kennedys commission on the status of women, declaring that women and men must receive equal pay for equal work.

Source: http://www.eeoc.gov/epa/index.html

1971 Ekaterina Gordeeva was born today. Together with her late husband, Sergei Grinkov, they won four World Championships and two Olympic Gold Medals (in 1988 and 1994) in pair skating . After her husbands death in 1995, she wrote a book recounting their life together entitled My Sergei: A Love Story.

Source: http://www.gg-corner.de/


Ekaterina Gordeeva


Ekaterina Gordeeva
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 29-May-2006 at 19:15
    May 29th - Memorial Day in the U.S.

Today is Memorial Day. This all-American holiday is primarily to honor all the brave men and women who died in military service. It was originally also called Decoration Day and has its roots in the practice of women decorating the graves of their loved ones who had died in the Civil War.

Women's History - May 29th

1845 Elizabeth Allston Pringle was born today in South Carolina, USA. Her father (who became governor of South Carolina) owned one of the largest plantations in the south. She endured a raid by Shermans troops during the Civil War, and, eventually, the property was lost to creditors. To supplement her income, Pringle began writing weekly letters for the New York Sun describing her life on a southern rice plantation. She later collected the letters and published them as a single volume entitled "A Woman Rice Planter". The letters contain accounts of interactions with African American laborers and of her daily activities.

http://docsouth.unc.edu/pringle/summary.html

1876 Helen Woodard Atwater was born today in Massachusetts . She was the daughter of a professor of chemistry named Wilbur Olin Atwater. She went on to become the first full-time editor of Journal of Home Economics.

http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/homeEc/intro/atwater.html

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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 30-May-2006 at 13:31
    Women's History - May 30th

1431- Joan of Arc was burned at the stake today on charges of heresy. Three indictments were made against her, after a year-long trial. They said that she used magic because she claimed she heard voices from Saints Michael, Catherine and Margaret and that these voices told her to dress as a boy and fight the French in the Hundred Years War against the English. The charges against her stated that the voices were demons instead of said and they accused her of being involved with the devil.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_of_Arc


Joan of Arc

1889 - invention of the brassiere - Mary Phelps Jacob was the first to patent an undergarment named Brassiere derived from the old French word for upper arm. Her patent was for a device that was lighweight, soft and separated the breasts naturally. The only undergarment available in those days was a corset, which was tight and restricting.

Source: http://home.nycap.rr.com/useless/brassiere/index.html


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  Quote Maharbbal Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 30-May-2006 at 22:04
May 29th 1830 Birth of Louise Michel, the 'gem' of Paris's Commune of January-March 1871 that standed for the rights of workers, women and human in general.

Edited by Maharbbal - 31-May-2006 at 21:00
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 31-May-2006 at 13:20
    Women's History - May 31st

1912 - Chien Shiung Wu was born today in Liuhe, a small town in Shangai. She became the first woman to receive the prestigious Research Corporation Award and the Comstock Prize (given only once every five years) from the National Academy of Sciences, in recognition for her contributions to atomic research and the understanding of beta decay and the weak interactions.   She became a pioneer physicist by radically changing our view of the structure of the universe and by altering modern physical theory. Her experiments led physicists to discard the concept that parity was conserved. She died of a stroke in 1977.

Source: http://www.engr.psu.edu/wep/EngCompSp98/Clee/Index3.html


Chien Shiung-Wu

1924 - Patricia Roberts Harris was born today. She became the first African-Amreican woman to serve as a member of a presidential cabinet (President Jimmy Carter named her Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and later appointed her Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare). She was also the first African American woman to serve as U.S. ambassador to Luxemburg (President Lyndon B. Johnson) and was the first woman to serve as dean of Howard University Law School. Her face appears in the Black Heritage stamp series.

http://www.huarchivesnet.howard.edu/0005huarnet/harris1.htm


Patricia Roberts Harris

   
    

Edited by morticia - 01-Jun-2006 at 09:32
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 01-Jun-2006 at 09:35
    Women's History - June 1

1533 - Anne Boleyn is crowned as Queen today. She married (2nd wife of) Henry VIII of England after his first marriage to Catherine of Aragon was annulled. Later that year, she gave birth to the future Queen Elizabeth. After the king had grown disenchanted with her, she was charged with adultery an treason, imprisoned in the Tower of London, and then beheaded in 1536.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Boleyn


Anne Boleyn

1660 - Mary Dyer is hanged today. Dyer and her husband, William, were banished from Massachusetts when they sided with Anne Hutchinson in the Antinomian heresy in 1630s. She then settled in Rhode Island, but was arrested a year later for teaching Quakerism in New Haven. She was again arrested when she returned to Massachusetts to visit two English Quakers in jail. Two of her comrades were hanged, but she received a last minute reprieve.   She returned to Rhode Island, but again defied the anti-Quaker law by returning to Massachusetts, and,this time, her sentence was carried out the day after her conviction. She was hanged for being a Quaker in Massachusetts.

Source: http://chi.gospelcom.net/DAILYF/2001/06/daily-06-01-2001.shtml



    
    

Edited by morticia - 01-Jun-2006 at 09:37
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 02-Jun-2006 at 23:44
    Women's History - June 2

Barbara Mary Crampton Pym was born today in Oswestry, Shropshire. She served in the Womens Royal Naval Service in Britain and in Naples during World War II. She was assistant editor of Africa, an anthropological journal, when she worked at the International African Institute. . She became a major novelist upon being nominated the most underrated novelist of the century by Lord David Cecil and poet Philip Larkin.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbara_Pym


Barbara Pym

1953- Queen Elizabeth II of England is crowned today at a coronation ceremony in Westminster Abbey in London (she was formally announced as Queen on February 2). She was on this day handed the four symbols of authority (the orb, the scepter, the rod of mercy and the royal ring of sapphire and rubies) and then Dr. Geoffrey Fisher, the Archbishop of Canterbury, placed St. Edwards Crown on her head, completing the ceremony. Later, gun salutes were fired and shouts of God Save the Queen were shouted by the cheering crowds.

Source: http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/England-History/TheCoronation1953.htm


Queen Elizabeth II on the day of coronation


What would have happened if Elizabeth II had a younger brother instead of a sister (Margaret). Would she have been passed over so the male could assume the throne instead?    
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05-Jun-2006 at 13:07
    Women's History - June 3rd

1911 - Harlean Harlow Carpenter was born today. She later became Jean Harlow, the original blong sex queen of Hollywood had a chaotic private life. The daughter of a dentist who eloped at age 16 with a 23-year old businessman, she moved to Los Angeles working as an extra and bit player. Her first big break came when she worked with Howard Hughes in Hells Angels. Her platinum hair and more than obvious sexuality made her a hit. She died when her mother - abiding by Christian Science tenants - refused to send her to a hospital for kidney failure. She died at the age of 26.

Source:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Harlow


Jean Harlow

1972 - Sally Priesant was ordained today, making her the first woman rabbi in the United States.She is only the second woman rabbi in the recorded history of Judaism.

Source: http://connections.fwa.org/e_article000589069.cfm?x=b11,0,w

   

Edited by morticia - 05-Jun-2006 at 13:09
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05-Jun-2006 at 13:12
    Women's History - June 4th

1878 or 1879 - Alla Nazimova was born today. Before she emigrated to the U.S. in 1905, she was already an established theater actress in Russia and soon became one of the most popular actresses in the American stage.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alla_Nazimova


Alla Nazimova

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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05-Jun-2006 at 13:14
    Women's History - June 5th

1646 - Elena Cornaro Piscopia was born today. She was a mathematician, prodigy and became the first female to be awarded the Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1678. The heritage of the Cornaro family can be traced back to the Roman family of Cornelii, with ancestors including cardinals and popes. She was honored after her death as a woman of learning. The University of Padua has a marble statue of her. Vassar College in New York has a stained glass window depicting her achievement.

Source: http://www.lisashea.com/lisabase/philosophy/art20823.html

1654 - Queen Christina of Sweden abdicated her throne today. As the only heir of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and his wife, Maria Eleanora of Brandenburg, her father ordered that she be educated as a boy. When her father was killed in battle, she became Queen Christina at age six. (with Axel Oxenstierna ruling as regent until Queen Christina was of age). It was against his advice that she initiated the end of the Thirty Years War, culminating with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. Queen Christina appointed her cousin, Carl Gustav (Karl Charles Gustavus) as her successor.

Source:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christina_of_Sweden
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Jun-2006 at 10:28
    Women's History - June 6th

Today is 06/06/06 - I just heard on the radio (on my way to work this a.m.) that many pregnant women were wishing not to have their child born on a date that is considered to be the "sign of the Devil (666)". I guess the appropriate name of any child born today would be DAMIEN!


1826 - Sarah Parker Remond was born today in Massachusetts and was a free person of color. However, she was constantly prejudiced for being black. During one such incident, she was pushed down the stairs and ejected from a theater, suffering a physical injury. She prevailed in a lawsuit against the managers and received an award of $500.00 as compensation for the incident.   Her objective was to vindicate a right, not to make money on the case. She was raised in a family of abolitionists and as a child witnessed many incidents involving the Underground Railroad and the horrors of slavery. She provided shelter for black and white abolitionists in her home.

Source: http://www.mfh.org/specialprojects/shwlp/site/honorees/remond.html


Sarah Parker Remond

1882 - Ann Haven Morgan was born today in Connecticut. She became a scientist and zoologist promoting the study of conservation and ecology, particularly the zoology of aquatic insects and comparative physiology of hibernation.

http://asteria.fivecolleges.edu/findaids/mountholyoke/mshm137_main.html


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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07-Jun-2006 at 13:05
    Women's History - June 7th

1662 - Celia Fiennes was born today in Salisbury, England. She traveled extensively throughout England and kept notes in a personal journal about the places she visited. After her death in 1741, her journal was discovered and published three years later under the title, Through England on a Side Saddle. Her journal provided the first comprehensive survey of the country since William Camdens Britannia (1586).

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celia_Fiennes

1840 - Marie Charlotte Amelie Augustine Victoire Clementine Leopoldine was born today. She was the only daughter of Leopold I of Belgium. She married the archduke of Austria, Maximilian, in 1857 and accompanied him when he was sent to Mexico as emperor in 1864. She was then known as Carlota, Empress of Mexico. She returned to Europe in 1866 seeking the aid of Napoleon III and the pope, after Napoleon III decided to withdraw the French troops from Mexico and the fate of the empire became apparent. However, her pleas were in vain. . The Mexican empire ended with the execution of Maximilian in 1867. Carlota suffered a mental collapse, was declared insane, and lived the rest of her life in seclusion.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_of_Mexico


Carlota of Mexico
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-Jun-2006 at 15:02
    Women's History - June 8th

Today in Womans History, two women were born who went on to become mathematicians as follows:

1858 - Charlotte Angas Scott was born today in England. She is considered to be a pioneer for advancement of womens role in higher education, specifically the field of mathematics, and was one of Englands first women to obtain a doctorate in mathematics. She was the initiator of the College Entrance Examination Board and was one of the organizers of the American Mathematical Society.

Source: http://www.math.temple.edu/~zit/Post%201876/Scott_Charlotte.pdf

Charlotte Angas Scott

1860 - Alicia Boole Stott was born today in Ireland. Her father was a mathematician (George Boole - for whom Boolean Logic is named) and, as a teen, she became interested in four-dimensional hypercubes (or tesseracts) by using models of wood to represent four-dimensional convex solids (also named polytopes). She published articles on three-dimensional sections of hypersolids in the 1900s, and also worked on deriving Archimedean solids from Platonic solids.

Source: http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/B/Boole_Alicia.html


Alicia Boole Stott
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10-Jun-2006 at 08:12
    Women's History - June 9th

1843 Bertha von Suttner (nee Countess Bertha Kinsky) was born today in Austria. She was a peace activist, an author, and was secretary to Alfred Nobel in Paris. She was critical of the application of dynamite in the military and worked actively for the peace movement in Austria and Germany. Among her many famous books is the classic Die Waffen neider (Lay Down Your Arms). The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded her the Nobel Peace Prize nine years after the death of Alfred Nobel in 1905.

Source: http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1905/suttner-bio.html


Bertha von Suttner

1970 - Anna Mae Hayes (Nurse Corps), Elizabeth P. Hoisington (Women's Army Corps) become first U.S. women to be promoted to brigadier general. This was a huge milestone for women in the military.



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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10-Jun-2006 at 08:18
    Women's History - June 10th

1688: Mary of Modena, queen consort of James II of Great Britain, gave birth today to a son, James, who was rumored to be a changeling who would restore Roman Catholicism if he succeeded to the crown.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_of_Mary_of_Modena

1692: Bridget Bishop was hanged today. She became the first "witch" of Salem Village to be hanged, as part of the Salem witch craze, for no reason other than the fact that she was an independent woman (unheard of in those days) , that she dressed a bit more artistic that most women, and that she had three husbands during her lifetime.

Source: http://www.loyno.edu/history/journal/1990-1/westwood.htm


Bridget Bishop
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Jun-2006 at 09:10
    Women's History - June 11th

1769 Anne Newport Royall was born today in Baltimore, Maryland USA. In her 50s, she traveled across the country and published 10 accounts of her travels, which remain valuable sources of social history. She was eccentric and acerbic and was convicted in Washington, D.C., in 1829 of being a common scold, the result of her antagonism to a local Presbyterian church. In 1831 she began to publish her outspoken and controversial views on various subjects in her Washington newspaper, and hence became, and considered by many to be, the nations first newspaperwoman (journalist).

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Royall

1987 Margaret Thatcher became the first British Prime Minister in more than 160 years to be elected to three (3) successive terms.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Thatcher


Margaret Thatcher
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 12-Jun-2006 at 14:33
    Women's History - June 12th

1829 - Johanna Spyri was born today in Hirzel in the Canton of Zrich.   She went on to become the writer of Heidi and her world in the Swiss Alps.

Source: http://www.heidi-swiss.ch/en/heididorf/johannaspyri01.html

1975 - Indira Gandhi found guilty of electoral corruption and barred from holding office for six years.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/June/12/newsid_2511000/2511691.stm


Indira Gandhi
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14-Jun-2006 at 09:55
    Women's History - June 13th

1842 - Camilla Urso was born today in Nantes, France to an Italian father (a flutist) and a Portuguese mother (a singer). She began taking violin lessons at the age of six and went on to become one of the finest violinists of the latter half of the 19th century. She played both classic and contemporary works and performed at the Philharmonic Society in Boston and the New York Philharmonic. She subsequently had her own concert company and toured regularly in the United States, Canada, and abroad and was acknowledged as one of the preeminent violinists of the day.

Source: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9126009?query=Patrick%20Gilmore&ct=



1908 - Maria Elena Vieira da Silva was born today in Lisbon, Portugal. She went on to become an artist (painter) of intricate, semiabstract compositions. She studied art in Paris with Antoine Bourdelle (sculpture), with Charles Despiau (sculpture), with Fernand Leger (painting) and with Stanley William Hayter (engraving).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Elena_Vieira_da_Silva




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