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December 6 - The "Irish Free State"

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  Quote Komnenos Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: December 6 - The "Irish Free State"
    Posted: 06-Dec-2005 at 00:44
On December 6, 1922, after centuries of Irish struggle for independence, the Irish Free State was constituted.
The Irish Free State was the result of a compromise between the British government and the nationalist, republican independence movement after six years of military and diplomatic conflict. Although the Easter Uprising in Dublin of 1916 had been a short-lived and unsuccessful attempt to establish Irish sovereignty, that had been brutally oppressed by British troops, the movement for independence had gained momentum that could not further been ignored by the British that had occupied the island since the Middle Ages.
Not only had there been another attempt to establish an Irish Republic in 1919, that had only been recognized by the Soviet Union as an independent state; a war of independence between the British troops and the armed wing of the nationalist Irish movement, the IRA, had began in 1919 and over the next few years the Irish waged an increasingly bitterly fought guerilla war against the British forces, especially after the employment of British para-military troops, the Black and Tans, which distinguished themselves by the number and manner of atrocities committed against the civilian Irish population. Although the Irish nationalists were far from united, constant tensions between the political leadership of Eamon de Valera and the command of the IRA under Michael Collins occurred about the strategies employed in the war, the vast majority of the Irish people supported the republican cause and in July 1921 the British realized that the colonial war in their own backyard could not be won. A truce was offered and in the summer of 1921 both sides entered negotiations to determine the further fate of Ireland.




Michael Collins



On December, 6 1921, the Anglo-Irish treaty was signed, a compromise that especially amongst the Irish Republicans was thought of as highly unsatisfactory. 26 of the 32 Irish county were granted self-governing autonomy as a dominion state of the British Empire, similar to the status of Canada and Australia, the remaining six counties, Ulster, would remain part of the United Kingdom. As the Irish Free State would still recognize the British monarch as its nominal head, the Republicans regarded the treaty as a betrayal of their cause. Nevertheless, a year later, on December 6, 1922, the Irish Free State began its, in the end rather short-lived existence, despite of all objections on both sides and despite the emerging Irish Civil War between the treaty and anti-treaty faction of the Irish nationalist movement. Only in 1937 did Ireland become a fully independent, sovereign and democratic Republic. The conflict over Ulster, the Northern-Ireland that had remained British, continues until today.

What else happened on this day?

1240    Mongol forces under the command of Batu Khan occupied and destroyed Kiev.
    
An important day in the history of the pencil. Not only did in 1805 Nicholas-Jacques Conti invent the number system that is still today used to rate pencil lead hardness: the higher the number, the harder the graphite; but also in 1822 John Eberhard was born, the founder of the first large-scale pencil factory in US.


Complete list of events:

Wikipedia
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  Quote Raider Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Dec-2005 at 11:46

December 6th 2005. Santa Claus's Day

Santa Claus is here!!!

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  Quote sdavidr Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Dec-2005 at 12:13
On December 6, 1978

Spain approves its latest constitution in a referendum.

Wikipedia:
The constitution was approved by the Cortes Generales on October 31, 1978, and by the Spanish people in a referendum on December 6, 1978, before being promulgated by King Juan Carlos on December 27. It came into effect on December 29, the day it was published in the Official Gazette. Constitution Day on December 6 has since been a national holiday in Spain.


Constitution Day in Madrid.


Nowadays Spanish constitution is debated everyday.

source:www.typicallyspanish.com
"The opposition Partido Popular claims its under threat, while the Socialist government dismisses the idea.
At the centre of the controversy is Catalunya, where the Socialist leader, in power with the Catalan Nationalists, Pascual Maragall continues to insist that for him Catalunya is a Nation."

I don't know if Maju wants to say something about it because basque people rejected the constitution.
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  Quote Maju Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Dec-2005 at 15:02
The most relevant element of Spanish constitution is the title VIII that allows the armed forces to take over the state. It is a "Turkish" democracy:  a false one, the offspring of fascism.

Also all the preliminary rights are not fulfilled. For instance, the right to a home is a basic right according to the constitution, while the right to property is not. Yet if I am homeless and I occupy an empty house, I'm not just kicked out but also charged as a criminal.

Finally the Spanish constitution has never been approved by the Basque people.

NO GOD, NO MASTER!
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  Quote Behi Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Dec-2005 at 15:58
2005:  Terrible plane crash in Tehran
more than 100 has been killedCry
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  Quote DayI Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07-Dec-2005 at 07:57

Omg Maju you say what? a "Turkish" democracy = offspring of fascism?

watch youre words next time.

"bilmiyorsan sus adam sansinlar, biliyosan konus rnek alsinlar."

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  Quote Behi Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07-Dec-2005 at 08:15
1534: Sultan Suleiman the ottoman emperor Captured Baghdad
Safavid recaptured it later again
Iran & Ottoman fought 2 centuries against each other for Baghdad.

http://www.iranianshistoryonthisday.com/FARSI.ASP?u=&I1. x=23&I1.y=12&GD=6&GM=12

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  Quote ArmenianSurvival Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Dec-2005 at 05:05
Originally posted by DayI

Omg Maju you say what? a "Turkish" democracy = offspring of fascism?

watch youre words next time.



Ya, because you know how arresting people for disagreeing with the government is completely democratic.
Mass Murderers Agree: Gun Control Works!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Resistance

Քիչ ենք բայց Հայ ենք։
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  Quote DayI Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Dec-2005 at 09:45

simple open a topic about it and we could discuss it.

BTW maju waju means something else with "Turkish democracy", not that "devshirme" writer who's got arrested.  

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  Quote erci Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Dec-2005 at 11:08
He simply meant the military coup, the army take over the power.
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  Quote Maju Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Dec-2005 at 11:41
Turkish style democracy is a common term for a "democracy" that constitutionally allows the army to take over in some cases. I think that Turk constitution does or did it and Spanish constitution does the same, specially if the unity of the "nation" is endangered. In Basque and Spanish political slang Turkish democracy means that: that the army is always behind watching and ready to take over (and that legality allows for it). 

NO GOD, NO MASTER!
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