We all know how important mathematics is and how it contributes to civilization today in one way or another.. Europe,Asia and the Mediterranean are not the homes of mathematics .. Swaziland So.Africa is the home of the oldest mathematics on the earth, where a artifacts called the LEBOMBO BONE was discovered and is dated at 35-40,000 BC .. At this time there was NO such names as Europe,Asia ,Mediterranean,Mesopotamia,Fertile Crescent,Asia Minor,Middle East, or Greece yet because there was no "alphabet" in those lands at the above date..
The second oldest piece of mathematics found on this Earth is called the ISHANGO BONE which was found in the Congo and is dated at 20,000 BC.. This bone intrigues me the most because there's a papyrus in the London museum written by Hunefer and it reads"We came from the beginning of the Nile where god Hapi dwells,at the foothills of the mountains of the moon". The beginning of the Nile river is located in Uganda and it's here where we can find the mountains of the moon.. Uganda and the Congo are neighbors so mathematics had to shared between the two people in time, so when these central African people began to migrate North they brought their mathematical skills with them to later on build the Sphinx which is dated at 10,000 BC.. To build the Sphinx it required Civil Engineering which builds the structures,roads and dams etc, the Mechanical Engineer builds all the tools that will be needed.. From the Sphinx down past Moses every thing that was built in Egypt REQUIRED Mathematics and Engineering while Europe and Arab Asia was void of these two disciplines at these dates..
Again at the above dates there was no Mathematics,Civil Engineering or Mechanical Engineering going on in what we call today as Europe , Arab Asia or the Mediterranean... The Greeks won't find a alphabet not until 700 BC and they won't find Mathematics not until 500-450 BC .. Muhammad AL Khwarizmi is the first great Arab Mathematician who lived and died at 780-850AD.. Today in Egypt there are two types of Arabs,the Muslims who came invaded around 620 AD and the Copts who are just converts to Christianity..
So i would like to conclude, that the Europeans and Arabs had absolutely nothing to do with civilization building in NE Africa ..