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  Quote DanyelleRobinson Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: Archaeology news updates
    Posted: 20-Sep-2015 at 18:58
I have much respect for the contributions from the field of archeology. I also published a few stories on the Ancient One's remains, known as the Kennewick Man even though he wasn't found in Kennewick nor was the medical examiner from there, just one of those things that stuck. An archaeologists came in from France to cover it for a trade publication. He stopped in for a list of contacts and to discuss the landscape before moving on to interview sources. And we all know the contributions that archaeologists have made to aboriginal people and how far the field has come since the days preceding NAGPRA. And with the advances in technology. I saw the PBS special on the dig in the Caves of Africa and can only imagine the excitement that everyone must be feeling in anticipation of more results.
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 26-Oct-2015 at 23:40
Originally posted by DanyelleRobinson

I also published a few stories on the Ancient One's remains, known as the Kennewick Man even though he wasn't found in Kennewick nor was the medical examiner from there, just one of those things that stuck.
No need to be coy, DanyelleRobinson, if the remains of Kennewick Man weren't found on a bank of the Columbia river in Kennewick, Washington, on July 28th 1996, then where were they found?
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 26-Nov-2015 at 22:43

Ancient underground city in Cappadocia will 'rewrite history'



An underground city found in Turkey’s touristic Cappadocia will “rewrite the history of the city,” according to the mayor in the Central Anatolian Nevşehir province, adding they had discovered people had permanently lived in the underground city, unlike other cities which were mostly carved into rocks for temporary protection.
Hasan Ünver, the mayor of Nevşehir, where Cappadocia is located, said the new findings at the ancient underground city in the province would rewrite history. 

“When the works are finalized the history of Cappadocia will be rewritten,” said Ünver, adding the findings found during the excavations dated back as the Hittite era. 

“We have reached significant discoveries; new long tunnels and spaces where people lived all together. Places where linseed oil was produced, chapels and tunnels combining various living spaces in the underground city were found,” said Ünver.


The underground city was discovered by a Turkish Housing Development Administration (TOKİ) urban transformation project. Some 1,500 buildings located in and around the Nevşehir fortress were demolished, and the underground city was discovered when the earthmoving to construct new buildings began.
Stating that the unearthed tunnels and spaces were different than other underground cities across the world, Ünver said ancient people had lived there permanently. 

“This is a real underground city where they resided permanently and not like other underground cities where they had lived temporarily,” said Ünver. “We are definite that we will also reach very important information and discoveries regarding world history.” 

The mayor said they planned for the opening of the first part of the underground city excavations in 2017, adding the digging was conducted under the guidance of archaeologist Semih İstanbulluoğlu and the control of the Culture and Tourism Ministry. 

İstanbulluoğlu said they predicted the history of the underground city to date back to even before the Hittites, adding this information would be confirmed after the finalization of the excavation’s laboratory work. 

He added they had found tobacco pipe-like objects made from meerschaum, adding they could not yet date them with certainty. 

“These can give clear information about the history of mankind,” İstanbulluoğlu said. 

Ünver said once the news hit that an underground city was discovered in Nevşehir, many researchers from various countries had come and visited the region. 
UNESCO representative Ashish Kothari had examined the underground city in June and was informed about the current restoration work in the region, where he took photos of historical artifacts unearthed during the excavation.

The area around the underground city in Nevşehir is best known world-wide for its “Fairy Chimney” rock formations, which are already on the UNESCO world heritage list.

Özcan Çakır, an associate professor at the geophysics engineering department of the 18 March University and involved in the excavations of the underground city, had said during the initials finding of the city in late 2014 they believed the tunnels were used to carry agricultural products.

“We believe that people, who were engaged in agriculture, were using the tunnels to carry agricultural products to the city. We also estimate that one of the tunnels passes under Nevşehir and reaches a faraway water source,” said Çakır.


Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 26-Nov-2015 at 22:48
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14-Dec-2015 at 05:08

Roman skeletons found in Lincoln are 'most significant in years'

The discovery of 23 Roman skeletons in Lincoln is one of the most significant finds in the city in recent years, say archaeologists.

Despite being a major Roman colony, few burial sites from the era have been unearthed compared to places like York or Winchester.

Now experts say they hope to "fill a huge gap our knowledge" about people who lived there in ancient times.

The dig took place in the Newland area, ahead of the construction of flats.

A decorated comb - probably made from bone - was the only item found with the skeletons.

Much of present-day Lincoln is built over the remains of one of the most important settlements in Roman Britain.

The Newlands site is outside the old Roman wall, near Brayford Pool - a natural widening of the River Witham which was used as a port by the Romans.

Kieron Manning, the city council's planning manager, said: "The Roman cemetery along Newland has been one of the most enigmatic parts of the city's archaeology, and this excavation will allow us to understand much more about the lives of the people who lived in Lincoln more than 1,500 years ago.

"Through scientific analysis, archaeologists will be able to identify the sex, age and health of the individuals buried here, and this will give us new insights into the population of Roman Lincoln.

"The potential of this site was known from previous planning-related investigations, but the extent and preservation of these remains is remarkable, and constitutes one of the most significant finds in Lincoln of recent years."

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-lincolnshire-35071632


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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15-Dec-2015 at 05:22
What secrets has this huge hole at the University of Lincoln revealed?

Archaeolgists have discovered stone and flint tools from the people who hunted deer and foraged for berries up to 11,000 years ago at what we now know as the University of Lincoln campus.

The team from Allen Archaeology have excavated tonnes of mud from 3 metres below the ground, and sifting the earth has revealed knives probably used for hunting and cutting meat and preparing plants for eating.

Gavin Glover, project manager, said: "There's a known Mesolithic flint scatter close to this particular site from somewhere between 9,000BC and 5,000BC and we have found a continuation of that.

"The finds are stone and flint tools, which tend to be small cutting blades for domestic use including hunting, butchering animals and preparing plants.

"There's no sense of Lincoln back then but it is evidence of some of the earliest human inhabitants in the area.

"The site would have been a sandbar at the edge of the water of what would have been the forerunner of the Brayford Pool.

"This was a time before farming when people would have lived in small groups moving through the landscape hunting deer and foraging for plants and berries."

Kevin MacDonald, project manager at the University of Lincoln, said: "We know that the Brayford Pool area has a rich history so we take our responsibilities to preserving its archaeology very seriously with every major new capital project on our campus.

"These archaeological excavations have been a real talking point already for students and visitors and we look forward to receiving the final survey report from our specialists, Allen Archaeology.

"The work itself is the first major step in construction of the second phase of the Isaac Newton Building which will provide state-of-the-art new facilities for teaching and research in computer science, engineering and mathematics and physics."

Archaeologists expect to be on site until the end of next week.

Lincoln's first known settlement, dating back to first century BC, was around the Brayford Pool area.

The pool even gave Lincoln its name, a derivative of Lindon. The Lin' means pool and 'don' means at the foot of the hill.

Timber houses and pottery, and the famous Witham Field dating to 300BC, were found east of the water.

Following the Roman invasion in AD48 the pool became an important inland port but it was the Vikings in the 10th century who named it 'Breit-ford' - where the 'where the river is broad and fordable'.

http://www.lincolnshireecho.co.uk/secrets-huge-hole-University-Lincoln-revealed/story-28241984-detail/story.html




Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 15-Dec-2015 at 05:26
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05-Feb-2016 at 11:14

Undersea treasure: archaeologists find submerged Qin dynasty ‘seaside palace’ of China’s first emperor

Most of the remains of the Qin dynasty palace lie submerged off the coast of China’s Liaoning province.

]Archaeologists believe they may have found a submerged seaside palace built more than 2,200 years ago by China’s first emperor, Ying Zheng, mainland media reports.

The building, thought to date back to the Qin dynasty (221-207BC), was discovered under the sea off the coast of Suizhong county, in Liaoning province, researchers from Liaoning and Beijing told the Liaoshen Evening News.

Some parts of the palace can be seen during low tide.


[QUOTE]The largest discovery was a 60-metre wide square, formed of large stones, which could be the foundations of a large platform for religious sacrifices or other important activities, the archaeologists said. They also found the remains of a stone road running through the palace.

Local fishermen said they had previously found ancient coins and ceramics on the seabed, while some of the stone walls were clearly visible at low tide.

Ying Zheng, also known as Qin Shihuang, was China’s first ruler, who united the nation by conquering all of the warring states in 221BC.

He is said to have visited the East China Sea coast three times before his death in 210BC in his futile quest for immortality.

http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/1903023/undersea-treasure-archaeologists-find-submerged-qin-dynasty





Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 05-Feb-2016 at 11:31
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  Quote red clay Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05-Feb-2016 at 12:42
Originally posted by TheAlaniDragonRising

Originally posted by DanyelleRobinson

I also published a few stories on the Ancient One's remains, known as the Kennewick Man even though he wasn't found in Kennewick nor was the medical examiner from there, just one of those things that stuck.
No need to be coy, DanyelleRobinson, if the remains of Kennewick Man weren't found on a bank of the Columbia river in Kennewick, Washington, on July 28th 1996, then where were they found?



Just another conspiracy obsessed person. Trying to create a mystery when there isn't any.

BTW- To my knowledge, after all the fuss and legal ruckus, Kennewick man's bones are still sitting in a lab, they have yet to be reburied.
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05-Feb-2016 at 13:20

Nearly 20 Stone-Tool Sites, Dating Back Up To 12,000 Years, Discovered In Nevada


This Clovis point made from chert was found in Nevada’s Dry Lake Valley, along the shores of an Ice Age lake.

Along lakes and streams that have long since disappeared, archaeologists working in southernNevada have found nearly 20 sites used by ancient hunter-gatherers as much as 12,000 years ago.

And even though the sites are remote, they weren’t discovered by accident. Scientists expected to find them there.

About 160 kilometers [100 miles] northeast of Las Vegas, researchers from the Utah-based firmLogan Simpson discovered 19 separate sites containing a variety of stone points, biface blades, and other artifacts associated with the Paleoarchaic Period, an era ranging from 7,000 to 12,000 years ago.

Though scant and widely scattered, these pieces may help clarify the hazy history of human activity throughout the Great Basin, when the Ice Age gave way to a warmer and more stable climate.

To archaeologists like Jesse Adams, who led the new study, this period marked the transition from the Pleistocene epoch to the Holocene, a time of change that has been scarcely studied in the American West.

“The Pleistocene-Holocene Transition period is a little known but fascinating time period,” said Adams, a senior archaeologist with Logan Simpson, “especially to everyone in our office, as we have identified similarly aged sites during other projects in the Great Basin which piqued our interest.”

Adams and his team found these rare sites using a technique known as predictive modeling: By identifying the qualities that previously known locations had in common, the archaeologists predicted where other, similar sites might be waiting to be found.

Previous research in the Great Basin had shown that signs of human activity from the late Pleistocene were most often found around certain kinds of land formations near water and marshlands — on the shores of lakes that have since dried up, for example, or on the landforms that overlooked them, or along the channels that led into or flowed out of them.

With funding from the Bureau of Land Management’s Lincoln County Archaeological Initiative, Adams and his colleagues used this kind of information to predict where signs Pleistocene-Holocene activity might be found in Nevada’s Lincoln County, using geographic information system (GIS) technology.

“The Lincoln County Archaeological Initiative offered an opportunity to create, and refine, a technique using GIS that would more effectively identify where these rare site types are located on the landscape,” Adams said.

Their model focused on the fact that the Great Basin’s climate was cooler and wetter at the end of the Pleistocene than it is today, with marshes and lakes that likely drew hunter-gatherers over the centuries.

After mapping the land with GIS, aerial photos, and other tools, the researchers pinpointed and then ranked the most promising locations in the study area.

“These areas were then ground-truthed and resulted in several landforms of interest,” Adams said.


By surveying the top-ranked areas on foot, archaeologists turned up seven sites in Lincoln County’s Delamar Valley, along the traces of what had been an ancient stream channel.

The sites included scatterings of fluted and stemmed projectile points fashioned in styles — such asClovis, Lake Mojave and Silver Lake — that are known to date to the Paleoarchaic epoch in the Great Basin, Adams said.

Likewise, at the nearby Dry Lake Valley, the team detected six more sites, along the shoreline of the extinct lake that gave the valley its name.

There, researchers found more stone points from the Paleoarchaic, but also many others dating from more recent periods, indicating that these lakeside sites were used many times over the millennia.

And finally, in the area of Lincoln County known as Kane Springs, yet another half-dozen sites were detected, with projectile points and flakes with an equally ancient profile.

Together, the newly found sites are providing the best view yet of the distant past in this corner of the Great Basin, Adams said.

And they also prove that GIS-based predictive modeling can work, he added, providing a potentially invaluable tool in the search for as-yet-undiscovered prehistoric sites, even in the increasingly developed American West.

“The Pleistocene-Holocene Transition is a fascinating, yet underrepresented, time period in the Great Basin,” Adams said.

“Through the creation, and later revision, of a model using GIS technology, we are able to successfully identify archaeological sites from this time period on the landscape.”

http://westerndigs.org/nearly-20-stone-tool-sites-up-to-12000-years-old-discovered-in-nevada/



Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 05-Feb-2016 at 13:26
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  Quote red clay Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Feb-2016 at 10:18
Paleoarchaic, those are the folks I search for here. It's interesting that they are using the same strategies I use for locating possible sites.
I'm using Google earth, I'm sure they use more sophisticated tech.

The earliest documented site here was dated at about 10,000 ybp. I'm fairly sure presence here goes back farther.

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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Mar-2016 at 10:47

Significant Civil War-Era Shipwreck Discovered Off N.C. Coast

Kure Beach

Another pearl in the form of a large iron-hulled Civil War era steamer has been discovered in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of N.C., near Oak Island. Researchers and archaeologists from the Underwater Archaeology Branch of the North Carolina Office of State Archaeology and the Institute of International Maritime Research made the discovery Saturday, Feb. 27 during sonar operations.

The vessel is believed to possibly be the remains of one of three blockade runners used to penetrate the wall of Union naval vessels blocking the port of Wilmington during the Civil War. The goal of the Union blockade was to keep supplies from reaching the Confederacy through one of its most important ports and to prevent the export of cotton and other marketable items by the Southerners. The wreck is located 27 miles downstream from Wilmington near Fort Caswell at the mouth of the Cape Fear River, and is the first Civil War-era vessel discovered in the area in decades.

"A new runner is a really big deal," said Billy Ray Morris, Deputy State Archaeologist-Underwater and Director of the Underwater Archaeology Branch. "The state of preservation on this wreck is among the best we've ever had."

Researchers will continue working to positively identify the vessel. Three blockade runners are known to have been lost in the area, the Agnes E. FrySpunkie and Georgianna McCaw. These operations are part of a major project funded by the National Park Service through the American Battlefield Protection Program.

Historical, cartographic and archaeological resources have been examined for the past two years to better understand the maritime components of the Fort Fisher campaign. Fortifications protected both entrances to the Cape Fear River from the Atlantic and were critical in keeping open a lifeline to the Confederacy until Fort Fisher fell in January 1865.

Researchers aboard the Research Vessel Atlantic Surveyor recorded the complete hull of the vessel. Students from the East Carolina University Maritime Studies Program will join the team as they continue gathering data on the new site as the weather permits.

The Underwater Archaeology Branch within the Office of State Archaeology is part of the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources

http://www.ncdcr.gov/press-release/significant-civil-war-era-shipwreck-discovered-nc-coast




Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 11-Mar-2016 at 10:57
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  Quote red clay Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Mar-2016 at 12:07
I saw this the other day. I wonder if this is the same group that's found the hulls of 3 U Boats, not previously known of. It's the same gen. area.
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 09-Aug-2016 at 10:28

Battlefield Archaeologists Find Oregon Indian War Anything But Ancient History


During the decade before the U.S. Civil War, a different conflict made a big impact on the future of the Oregon Territory. It’s known as the Rogue River Indian War. But unlike the Civil War battlefields in the eastern U.S. or American South that receive hundreds of thousands of visitors annually, you’ll be hard pressed to tour — or even find — those battlefields.

Now a series of archaeological investigations is resurrecting this Northwest history.

The Rogue River Indian War was an uprising against miners and settlers in southwest Oregon from 1855–56. There were massacres, reprisals, pitched battles and a final forced expulsion of native tribes from their homelands to distant reservations.

Looking back from 160 years later, two things stand out: Artifacts from the mostly-forgotten battles lie just beneath the surface. And the human interest in the conflict among descendants and neighbors takes minimal prodding to unearth too.....

http://www.opb.org/news/article/oregon-indian-war-battlefield-archaeologists/



Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 09-Aug-2016 at 10:30
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  Quote Aeoli Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 09-Sep-2016 at 13:25
A 2,100-year-old marble mother goddess sculpture of Kybele has been unearthed during excavations in the Black Sea province of Ordu’s Kurul Castle, one of the first archaeological digs in the region.

http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/technology.aspx?pageID=417

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  Quote medenaywe Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10-Sep-2016 at 02:09
Thank's aeoli. Link goes to topic! 
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Sep-2016 at 08:52

Rare 3,300 year-old secret passage, first Hittite skeleton found in central Turkey


A 3,300-year-old secret passage and a skeleton belonging to the Hittite period have been found during archeological excavations in Alacahöyük archeological site in central Anatolian province of Çorum, Turkey. The findings were compiled in a documentary entitled "Following the footsteps of history," shedding light on the lives of ancient peoples.
The discovery of the skeleton could have significant implications for historians, as it marks the first time a Hittite-era skeleton is found and could break new ground.

The excavation work in the site is carried out for the Ministry of Culture, by Ankara University.

Regarded as Turkey's first national excavation site, Alacahöyük is an archeological site that is home to Neolithic and Hittite settlement, where earliest examples of copper and stone tools can be found. It also contains royal tombs dating to the 3rd century BCE, with precious artifacts including jewelry, weapons, metal vessels and more.

http://www.dailysabah.com/history/2016/09/07/rare-3300-year-old-secret-passage-first-hittite-skeleton-found-in-central-turkey



Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 11-Sep-2016 at 09:11
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 04-Oct-2016 at 18:29

PRE-COLUMBIAN MEDITERRANEAN ‘ROUND’ SHIP DISCOVERED FOR THE FIRST TIME BY UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGY EXPEDITION IN BULGARIA’S BLACK SEA ZONE

The sunken Pre-Columbian Mediterranean “round ship” in Bulgaria’s Black Sea zone is the first of its kind to have been discovered in full.

The world’s first ever well preserved sunken “round ship", a medieval Mediterranean ship which was a precursor to the Age of Discovery vessels such as the ones on which Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic, has beendiscovered in Bulgaria’s Black Sea zone by a large-scale underwater archaeology project, the Black Sea M.A.P.

The sunken “Western Mediterranean, possibly Venetian" ship (as it has been described) from the 13th-14h century is said to be a “discovery of global significance" because the round ship type (also known as “cog”) had been known from historical sources but a fully preserved one had never been seen since the Late Middle Ages – until its present discovery in Bulgaria’s Black Sea waters.

The other most intriguing sunken ships discovered by the archaeologists from Black Sea M.A.P. are a Byzantine shipfrom the late 9th or early 10th century, and an Ottoman Turkish vessel from the 18th-19th century.

The Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project (Black Sea M.A.P.), which started in September 2015, is being carried out by the Center for Maritime Archaeology of the University of Southampton, the Sozopol-based Center for Underwater Archaeology at the Bulgarian Ministry of Culture, and the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology in Sofia.

The three year project, which is funded by the Expedition and Education Foundation (EEF), is also assisted by theUniversity of Connecticut, USA; the Maritime Archaeological Research InstituteSödertörn (MARIS), Södertörn University, Sweden; and the Hellenic Center for Marine ResearchGreece.

The results from the second voyage of the project, which took place on September 1-26, 2016, in the zone betweenBulgaria’s Rezovo in the south and Cape Galata near Varna, have been presented publicly in Bulgaria’s Black Sea ofBurgas by Prof. Jon Adams from the University of Southampton and Assoc. Prof. Lyudmil VagalinskiAssoc. Prof. Krum Bachvarov, and Assist. Prof. Kalin Dimitrov from Bulgaria’s National Institute and Museum of Archaeology inSofia.

“An expedition mapping drowned ancient landscapes in the Black Sea is making dramatic discoveries. An international team… is surveying the Bulgarian waters of the Black Sea where thousands of years ago large areas of land were inundated as the water level rose after the last Ice Age," the organizers of Black Sea M.A.P have announced in a release.

“During these surveys the team have also inspected more than 40 shipwrecks, many of which provide the first views of ship types known from historical sources but never before seen. Their astonishing preservation is due to the anoxic conditions of the Black Sea below 150 meters. Together the wrecks, which include those from the Ottoman and Byzantine Empires, provide new data on the maritime interconnectivity of Black Sea coastal communities and manifest ways of life and seafaring that stretch back into prehistory," the organizers inform....

http://archaeologyinbulgaria.com/2016/10/01/pre-columbian-mediterranean-round-ship-discovered-for-the-first-time-by-underwater-archaeology-expedition-in-bulgarias-black-sea-zone/



Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 04-Oct-2016 at 18:38
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 25-Oct-2016 at 03:17

Huge ancient shipyard unearthed on Turkey’s Dana Island


A huge shipyard, believed to be the oldest in the world, has been discovered on Dana Island in the southern province of Mersin’s Silifke district. 
Academics believe that the huge shipyard, which includes nearly 270 slipways, could shed light on the 400-year “Dark Ages” of the Mediterranean over 1,000 years B.C. 

“This is the one and only in the world. The biggest shipyard that has been proven archaeologically in the world,” said Hakan Öniz, the head of Selçuk University’s Underwater Archaeology Department.

Öniz said they had started underwater works on the coasts of Mersin in 2015 in an attempt to discover archaeological artifacts and prohibited areas for diving on the coasts of Mersin, particularly in Silifke. 

He also added that they had determined the existence of archaeological wreckages in the region. “But the most exciting for us was an iron spur that we found at a depth of 35 meters and that was used as the weapon of warships in ancient ages. Such an iron spur has been found for the first time in the world,” Öniz said. 

The team has carried out works from west to east on the Selçuk 1 Scientific Research Ship and is continuing to work around the Dana Island, located two kilometers off the coast. 
“We were surprised when we found dozens of slipways in the northern part of the island in 2015,” Öniz said, adding that they were still working to determine the exact period these structures date back to.

“During works in 2016, we also unearthed a huge shipyard where 274 ships could be built at the same time. It is the only such shipyard in the world. We are continuing work to try to date it. Most probably it is the oldest shipyard in the world. We estimate that it was used around 1,200 B.C. in the Late Bronze Age,” he said. 

Island of the Denyen

Stating that the Dana Island most probably was known as the island of the Denyen, named the “Sea People” in the 12th century, Öniz said the Denyens were first mentioned by the Hittite King Telipinu around 1,500 B.C. “The Adania region, which King Telipinu mentioned, is the region of Adana and Mersin today,” he added.
“The reason why this era is called the ‘Dark Age’ is that we have limited archaeological information about a period of around 300-400 years. Most probably a big drought, earthquakes or epidemic disease occurred in the 13th century B.C. We can deduce this from the fact that Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II had to send ships full of grain from the Alexandria region, which is usually productive and suitable for agriculture. Ancient sources suggest there was a famine around this era,” Öniz said. 

“Probably the Denyens, together with other groups suffering from the famine, attacked Egypt in order to get grain. Ramses III said the Egyptians defeated the Denyens and he sent the captured Denyens and others to remote regions as soldiers. He pursued the other Denyens to their island in the north and destroyed them there,” he added. 

 “But this story is not limited to the Deneyns and the Hittites. We know of the existence of the late Hittite kingdoms in the Cilicia region in the Iron Age. We know that they resisted against the New Babylon Kingdom that wanted their iron and grain. The name of the island became Pitusu in the Iron Age. The King of Babylon Neriglissar described Pitusu as a ‘mountain in the middle of the sea.’ He said he attacked it and 6,000 soldiers on this small island resisted against him. The existence of those 6,000 people reveals that the island continued serving as a shipyard in the Iron Age too,” Öniz said. 

“History effectively stopped on the island around 800 years ago. And the modern law of the Turkish Republic does not give permission for any work or restructuring on the island. It is now completely a part of the world heritage,” he added.


Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 25-Oct-2016 at 03:19
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 30-Oct-2016 at 13:43

Ancient inn complex unearthed in Assos


Archaeological excavations in the ancient city of Assos, located in the northwestern Turkish province of Çanakkale’s Ayvacık district, have unearthed an inn complex. 
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Archaeology Department Professor Nurettin Arslan said works this year mostly focused on Byzantine era ruins in the inner parts of the ancient city. 

“In these excavations, we unearthed the ruins of a complex that could be considered an inn complex. The existence of this complex is mentioned in ancient sources but it has never been unearthed. The inn, where people were accommodated and patients were treated, is located behind the western gate,” said Arslan, who has been head of the excavations for 10 years.

“The complex has its own bakery, kitchen and cisterns. All the needs of visitors were met there. At the same time, there is a chapel for people to pray. Ancient resources from the Byzantine era provide information about the inn but none of them defined this structure and its location,” he added.

“If we are not wrong, thanks to the artifacts we have found we will be able to shed light on this structure: how it was operated, how many sections it had, and how they served. For example, finding more than one marble table in a room would should us that people dined there. Finding a small chapel would show that people were able to worship in the inn. There is more than one cistern and water well, as well as kitchens.

There are also many accommodation places connected to each other but no archaeological excavation has been able to locate such a structure. That is why we are sure we have unearthed a Byzantine-era structure,” Arslan said.

Revealing life at the time


He also said they unearthed residences that had collapsed during an earthquake that occurred in the Byzantine era in the lower agora section.

“This was probably a big residential complex where one of the notable Byzantine families lived. It collapsed in an earthquake and is an important find to reveal life in the era. As it collapsed in an earthquake, everything is in its own place. This gives us information about the materials used in the Byzantine structures and people’s lifestyles. It helps us reveal what people used in their homes,” said Arslan.

 “It needs some simple repairs. In particular, the late ancient era structures should be restored. We will do this as soon as possible. We have two big projects. One is an ancient city reception center, which will pass from the Cultural and Natural Heritage Conservation Board and for which we have received ministry approval.

 The other project is to unearth the main roads so that visitors can easily visit the site. The theater in the ancient city is one of the most beautiful theaters in Anatolia. Its restoration will start, after which the theater will be a unique place to organize social events in the region,” he added.  

Aristoteles lived here 


“All ancient sources inform that Aristotle lived here from 347 to 345 BC. He had six students here too and we know that he gave classes. This year has been declared the Year of Aristotle, and we have applied to UNESCO to include Assos in the UNESCO tentative world heritage list. Assos is mentioned in the Bible, so it is already well known. If it is also included in the UNESCO list, the number of visitors will increase. Tourism has been going through hard times in Turkey but we are making the environmental arrangements and restorations to host more people,” Arslan said.

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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 19-Nov-2016 at 22:53

ARCHAEOLOGISTS FIND 2ND ANTIQUITY FORTRESS AT PREHISTORIC, THRACIAN ROCK SHRINE NEAR BULGARIA’S ANGEL VOYVODA

second previously unknown Antiquity fortress has been found by archaeologists a prehistoric and later Ancient Thracian rock shrine in an area known as Hasara near the town of Angel Voyvoda, Mineralni Bani Municipality, Haskovo District, in Southern Bulgaria.

In May-June 2016, the team of archaeologists led by Assoc. Prof. Zdravko Dimitrov from the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology in Sofia announced the discovery of an Ancient Roman fortress with an Early Christian church at the ancient rock shrine near Bulgaria’s Angel Voyvoda.

The Ancient Thracians were found to have used the Hasara shrine at about the period of the Trojan War.

In early 2016, Bulgarian archaeologists specializing in prehistoric shrines discovered the “Orlovi Skali“ (“Eagles’ Rocks”) Shrine, also located in Bulgaria’s Mineralni Bani Municipality, which includes not just rock niches and altarsbut also huge human faces hewn high into the rocks, and dates back to the 4th millennium BC. The shrine at “Eagles’ Rocks” has been likened to the Hasara Shrine near the town of Angel Voyvoda.

Now, during the winter conservation of the Roman structures exposed in the 2016 summer digs, Dimitrov’s archaeological team has identified a second, smaller fortress from the Antiquity period.

The newly found fortress is located on a hill known as “Malak Hasar" (“Little Hasar"), Mineralni Bani (“Mineral Baths”) Municipality has announced.

The discovery has led the archaeologists to hypothesize that both fortresses discovered in 2016 might have been part of a much larger fortification.

Dimitrov believes that they were in fact citadels within a wider fortress, with the first fortress, the one discovered in the summer on the Hasara hill being its main citadel.

During their conservation work on the site of the 2016 excavations, the archaeologists have carried out additional field research that was impossible over the summer because of the vegetation.

Dimitrov has noted that a stone disc which was used as an ancient sun clock, and was also discovered during the summer excavations, has now been found broken, most probably by treasure hunters.

He has vowed that the ancient sun clock will be restored, possibly with help from experts from abroad.

The lead archaeologist has made it clear that support by Mineralni Bani Mayor Myumyun Iskender will help the team continue the archaeological research on the Hasara site with its ancient rock shrine and Antiquity fortifications in 2017.

The entire Ancient Thracian (and prehistoric) archaeological complex near Bulgaria’s Angel Voyvoda, Mineralni Bani Municipality, Haskovo District, covers a total area of 50 decares (app. 12.5 acres).

The Roman and Early Byzantine fortress discovered in May-June 2016 dates back to the Late Antiquity, i.e. the 4th-5thcentury AD, and has a total area of 6-7 decares (app. 1.5 acres).

At the beginning of 2016, Prof. Ana Raduncheva and Assoc. Prof. Stefanka Ivanova, also from the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology in Sofia, who found the “Eagle’s Rocks” shrine, said that the prehistoric civilizationwhich established the numerous rock shrines in Bulgaria created an entire system of shrines spanning what was a huge holy territory.

Later, the Ancient Thracians used parts of these shrines, though not the entire holy territory. In later periods, such as the Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, the shrines were no longer used as originally intended, and a number of them were turned into fortresses.

This explanation could be relevant to the present discovery of the Antiquity fortresses at the shrine near Bulgaria’s Angel Voyvoda (the Roman Empire conquered all of Ancient Thrace south of the Danube in 46 AD).

The existence of an Early Christian church there also seems logical since it is known that after the adoption of Christianity in the Late Antiquity, numerous Christian temples were built on the spots of ancient and possibly even prehistoric pagan shrines on the territory of today’s Bulgaria.

http://archaeologyinbulgaria.com/2016/11/18/archaeologists-find-2nd-antiquity-fortress-at-prehistoric-thracian-rock-shrine-near-bulgarias-angel-voyvoda/



Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 19-Nov-2016 at 23:03
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  Quote TheAlaniDragonRising Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 26-Feb-2017 at 20:06

Ancient burials and artefacts unearthed beneath Lincoln Eastern Bypass site

Archeological excavations ahead of the construction of the Lincoln Eastern Bypass have revealed historically significant burial grounds, high-status Roman buildings and an armoury of fascinating tools and artefacts.

Past communities, settlements and landscapes have been discovered by a team of more than 60 archaeologists.

Part of a Bronze Age cemetery have been found along with an Iron Age to Roman pre-Christian settlement and burial ground between 1,800 and 2,800 years old.

The remains of a 12th century tower on the site is believes to have been used as a possible beacon to warn off approaching threats at the time of the First Battle of Lincoln in 1141.

Investigations have been carried out between the River Witham and Washingborough Road since September to ensure that any remains affected by the new road are protected or recorded

Discoveries so far also include Mesolithic and Neolithic flint tools, Roman buildings, field systems, pottery kilns and a potential vineyard; a medieval monastic grange comprising a boundary wall, a potential stone tower and other substantial stone buildings.

The remains of post-medieval farm buildings, yards, and a water management system were also revealed on the site by Network Archaeology Ltd.

Company director and senior project manager Chris Taylor said: “The evidence we’ve seen so far suggests that small communities were already living in this area around 12,000 years ago and that it has been a favoured spot for human activity ever since.

“Potentially, the site could yield some very important discoveries. We’ve found signs of a high-status Roman building and, more interestingly, a possible Roman vineyard, which is rare north of the Home Counties.

“We’ve also found what could be the remains of a 12th century tower, which may have served as a beacon to warn of approaching threats or as a fort around the time of The Battle of Lincoln in 1141.

“There’s a lot more work to be done before we have the full picture, but what has been unearthed so far suggests it will be well worth the effort.”

Councillor Richard Davies, Executive Member for Highways and Transport a Lincolnshire County Council, said: “When building a new road, it’s not just about just about digging holes and putting in tarmac. Before this can happen, it is very important to undertake work to protect the heritage of the area and look at the archaeology underground before we start building.

“It’s really important that whenever you’re building a big piece of infrastructure, like the Lincoln Eastern Bypass, that work is done to find out what’s gone on here for thousands of years for future generations to learn from and understand.”

The excavations between the River Witham and Washingborough Road will be completed in early 2017 and will be followed by investigations at other sites along the route.

The Lincoln Eastern Bypass project is part-funded by a £50m Central Government capital grant and aims to minimise traffic congestion, support Lincoln’s growth as a principal urban centre, and enhance the inter-city environment.

The £96 million bypass is expected to be completed by 2018.

http://thelincolnite.co.uk/2017/02/ancient-burials-and-artefacts-unearthed-beneath-lincoln-eastern-bypass-site/



Edited by TheAlaniDragonRising - 26-Feb-2017 at 20:17
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