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Traditonal Music & Instruments

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  Quote Don Quixote Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: Traditonal Music & Instruments
    Posted: 22-Mar-2012 at 18:10
Bulgarian "kaval" - a long flute that is blown without mouthing piece over a round tube, the air flow splitting on 2 on the edge of the tube

The first piece from top to bottom on the picture is the mouthing one

"...The Kaval is a wooden pipe that comprises three parts. The uppermost part of the Kaval has no finger- holes. There is a special ring made either of antler or of bull horn which is fitted there and from where the sound itself is produced. The middle part has eight apertures, seven on the front part and one on the back. Musicians use only these eight holes. The third part has only four holes. The uppermost hole sets the basic tone and the remaining three are resonant. Without them the Kaval cannot produce sounds in the lower register....

...The Kaval is one of the most mobile Bulgarian wind instruments. You can play easily diatonic and chromatic passages on it, jumps at great intervals, staccato, arpeggios and shakes. Compared to the other musical instruments, it allows for huge modulation deflections...." http://www.flutemaster.net/

Kaval is supposed to have come from Ancient Persia.

You can see here how the kaval is hold diagonally in the mouth of the singer, so the air stream hits the edge of the mouthpiece and produce the sound.




Edited by Don Quixote - 22-Mar-2012 at 18:10
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  Quote Don Quixote Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 24-Mar-2012 at 22:54
Bulgarian kaval music:

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  Quote Don Quixote Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 25-Mar-2012 at 22:55
Romanian pan-flute:

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  Quote Don Quixote Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05-Apr-2012 at 00:41
Bulgarian "tsafara":
"...BULGARIAN TRADITIONAL FLUTE TSAFARA in D, DEER HORN

Tsafara is an interesting folklore instrument known as a "shepherd's whistle", known to the Bulgarians since ancient times. The sound is produced in the same way as with kaval but is much easier.
This flute is made of ash tree of beautiful wood pattern, in natural color. The mouthpiece and top part are of finely polished deer horn. Lenght: 27cm / 10.5 inches.

MUSICAL RANGE OF TSAFARA in:
D - from (d) in first to (d) in second octave /from 27cm - 30 cm/10.6''-11.8''

General information:
Tsafara is a whistle that is also called “tsevnitsa” and “shtupelka”, it is a one-tube instrument whose length may vary between 30-50 cm and the diameter of the inside is 1-1.5 cm.
Both ends of the instrument are open. The upper end (the mouthpiece) has a sort of edge inside. The air stream from the mouth hits in the inner edge and a sound is produced.
In order for the air stream to be directed towards the edge, the instrument is to be held in a bit slanting position. Tsafara has six holes at the upper end and one at the lower. What can be obtained is a two-octave range of high, major, diatonic tones. Therefore, tsafara tone range comprises two octaves.
Typically, the players make their tsafara whistles of elder- bush, pipe and other, more flexible types of wood. The distance between the holes is calculated depending on how big the playerÂ’s fingers are. Thus, the different tsafara whistles are characterized by different frequency of tone.
PLAY a TSAFARA sample (29 sec.) ..." http://www.shopbulgaria.com/products/1759/bulgarian-traditional-flute-tsafara-in-d-deer-horn.html

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  Quote Don Quixote Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2012 at 02:19
Bulgarian kaval music

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