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April 11- Death of Sadegh Hedaiat

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  Quote Komnenos Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: April 11- Death of Sadegh Hedaiat
    Posted: 11-Apr-2006 at 02:49
April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). There are 264 days remaining.


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  Quote Behi Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Apr-2006 at 04:29
22 Farvardin,  Baad = Wind Day

1951:
Sadegh Hedaiat the famous writer, Suicide
some believes he has been killed by Islamic Extremist


Sadegh (or Sadeq) Hedayat (in Persian: صادق هدایت; February 17, 1903, Tehran11 April 1951, Paris) is Iran's foremost modern writer of prose fiction and short stories. He was born to an aristocratic family and was educated at the Lyce Franais (French high school) in that city. In 1925 he was among a select few students who travelled to Europe to continue their studies. There he initially pursued dentistry before giving this up for engineering. After four years in France and Belgium, Hedayat returned to Iran where he held various jobs for short periods.

Hedayat subsequently devoted his whole life to studying Western literature and to learning and investigating Iranian history and folklore. The works of Guy de Maupassant, Anton Chekhov, Rainer Maria Rilke, Edgar Allan Poe and Franz Kafka intrigued him the most. During his short literary life span, Hedayat published a substantial number of short stories and novelettes, two historical dramas, a play, a travelogue, and a collection of satirical parodies and sketches. His writings also include numerous literary criticisms, studies in Persian folklore, and many translations from Middle Persian and French. He is credited with having brought Persian language and literature into the mainstream of international contemporary writing.

In his latter years, feeling the socio-political problems of the time, Hedayat started attacking the two major causes of Irans decimation, the monarchy and the clergy, and through his stories he tried to impute the deafness and blindness of the nation to the abuses of these two major powers. Feeling alienated by everyone around him, specially his peers, Hedayats last published work, The Message of Kafka, bespeaks melancholy, desperation and a sense of doom experienced only by those subjected to discrimination and repression.

Hedayat's most enduring work is the short novel The Blind Owl (1937).

He ended his life by gassing himself, and is buried in the Pre Lachaise.

Works

  • Fiction
    • 1930 Zindeh be-gur (Buried Alive). A collection of 8 short stories.
    • 1931 Sayeh-ye Mughul (Mongol Shadow)
    • 1932 Seh qatreh khun (Three Drops of Blood)
    • 1933 Sayeh Rushan (Chiaroscuro)
      Alaviyeh Khanum (Madame `Alaviyeh)
      Vagh Vagh Sahab (Mister Bow Wow)
    • 1937 Buf-e Kur (The Blind Owl)
    • 1942 Sag-e Velgard (The Stray Dog)
    • 1944 Velengari (Tittle-tattle)
      Ab-e Zendegi (The Elixir of Life)
    • 1945 Haji Aqa (Mr. Haji)
    • 1946 Farda (Tomorrow)
    • 1947 Tup-e Murvari (The Pearl Cannon)
  • Drama (1930-1946)
    • Parvin dokhtar-e Sasan (Parvin, Sassan's Daughter)
    • Maziyar
    • Afsaneh-ye Afarinesh (The Fable of Creation)
  • Travelogues
    • Esfahan nesf-e Jahan (Isfahan: Half the World)
    • Ru-ye Jadeh-ye Namnak (On the Wet Road), unpublished, written in 1935.
  • Studies, Criticism and Miscellanea
    • Rubaiyat-e Hakim Umar-e Khayyam (Khayyam's Quatrains) 1923
    • Ensan va Hayvan (Man and Animal) 1924
    • Marg (Death) 1927
    • Favayed-e Giyahkhari (The Advantages of Vegetarianism) 1957
    • Hekayat-e Ba Natijeh (The Story with a Moral) 1932
    • Taranehha-ye Khayyam (The Melodies of Khayyam) 1934
    • Chaykuvski (Tchaikovsky) 1940
    • Dar Piramun-e Lughat-e Furs-e Asadi (About Asadi's Persian Dictionary) 1940
    • Shiveh-ye Novin dar Tahqiq-e Adabi (A New Method of Literary Research) 1940
    • Dastan-e Naz (The Story of Naz) 1941
    • Shivehha-ye Novin Dar She'r-e Parsi (New Trends in Persian Poetry) 1941
    • A Review of the Film "Mulla Nasru'd Din" 1944
    • A Literary Criticism on the Persian Translation of Gogol's The Government Inspector 1944
    • Chand Nukteh Dar Bar-ye Vis va Ramin (Some Notes on Vis and Ramin) 1945
    • Payam-e Kafka (The Message of Kafka) 1948
    • al-Be`thatu-Islamiya Ellal-Belad'l Afranjiya (An Islamic Mission in the European Lands), undated.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sadegh_Hedayat

http://www.iranianshistoryonthisday.com/FARSI.ASP?u=&I1. x=28&I1.y=12&GD=11&GM=4
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  Quote DayI Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Apr-2006 at 07:56

April 11: Mawlid in Sunni Islam (2006)

Hugo Chvez


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  Quote Dark Age Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Apr-2006 at 09:01
1512    The forces of the Holy League are heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.

1713    The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending the War of Spanish Succession. France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain.

1783    After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaims a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.

1814    Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.

1898    American President William McKinley asks Congress for declaration of war with Spain.

1941    Germany bombers blitz Conventry, England.

1942    Detachment 101 of the OSS--a guerrilla force--is activated in Burma.

1945    After two frustrating days of being repulsed and absorbing tremendous casualties, the Red Army finally takes the Seelow Heights north of Berlin.

1951    President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as head of United Nations forces in Korea.

1961    Israel begins the trial of Adolf Eichman, accused of war crimes during WWII.

1961    Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker.

1968    President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act.

1974    The Judiciary committee subpoenas President Richard Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry.

1981    President Ronald Reagan returns to the White House from hospital after recovery from an assassination attempt.

1986    Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.

1991    The U.N. Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq.

1996    Forty-three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.

Born on April 11

1370    Frederick I, elector of Saxony.
1722    Christopher Smart, English poet.
1755    James Parkinson, English physician.
1770    George Canning, British prime minister (1827).
1794    Edward Everett, governor of Massachusetts, statesman and orator.
1862    Charles Evans Hughs, 11th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1893    Dean G. Acheson, U.S. secretary of state (1949-53) who helped create NATO.
1901    Glenway Wescott, writer.
1925    Ethel Kennedy, wife of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
1932    Joel Grey (Joe Katz), actor.
1941    Ellen Goodman, Pultizer Prize-winning columnist.
1950    Bill Irwin, actor and choreographer.

http://www.historynet.com/tih/tih0411/

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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Apr-2006 at 13:26
Also occurring today in Women's History:

1492 - Marguerite of Navarre (Marguerite of Angouleme) was born (Queen of Navarre, Renaissance writer and humanist patroness). She was known for helping negotiate the Treaty of Cambrai, known as "The Ladies Peace". A Renaissance writer, she was well educated, influenced a king of France (her brother), patronized religious reformers and humanists, and educated her daughter, Jeanne d'Albret, according to Renaissance standards. Grandmother of King Henry IV.

Source:   http://www.lib.virginia.edu/small/e xhibits/gordon/lit/margue rite.html

1865 - Mary White Ovington was born. She was famous for being one of the principal founders of the NAACP. Ovington was a social activist, a writer, and a contributor to "The Crisis", and she was a caucasian woman. Her list of credits include, "Half a Man: The Status of the Negro in New York", 1911; "Portraits in Color" 1927; "The Walls Came Tumbling" 1957, "The Awakening", a play.


Mary White Ovington
Source: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASovington.htm



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  Quote Mila Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Apr-2006 at 14:34
It's Mohammed's birthday just earlier. I'm pretty sure it's a pagan
celebration but it's still very, very huge event in rural Bosnia.

EDIT: Yeah, wrong thread. I'll leave this here to embarrass
myself.

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  Quote ulrich von hutten Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 11-Apr-2006 at 15:31

1911 Leopold Hawelka was born.


        Who of you doesn't know the famous coffee-house in vienna. long before starbucks or other philistines overhelmed the world with it's crap ,Leopold Hawelka opened a coffee-house in vienna were the most known artists of the time had enjoyed a coffee ,some delicious sweets and very intellectual conversations.


Hawelka opened the cafe in 1939 at a time wer intellectual thoughts in germany and austria weren't very popular. after the reopening in 1945 the cafe became the most important meeting place in vienna for all kind of artists.till today hawelka is sitting in his cafe at the entrance and welcomes his guests.


                                              



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  Quote Nick1986 Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10-Apr-2013 at 20:20
1993: UK customs thwarts Saddam's attempt to build supergun
Me Grimlock not nice Dino! Me bash brains!
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