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Rostamid Empire of Maghreb

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  Quote Zagros Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: Rostamid Empire of Maghreb
    Posted: 07-Jan-2006 at 16:49

Rustamid

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The Rustamid (or Rustumid, Rostemid) dynasty of Ibadi Kharijite imams ruled the central Maghreb as a Muslim theocracy for a century and a half from their capital Tahert in present Algeria, until destroyed by the Ismailite Fatimid Caliphs. Their state's extent is not entirely clear, but it stretched as far east as Jabal Nafusa in Libya.

The Ibadi Kharijites reached north Africa by 719, when the missionary Salma ibn Sa'd was sent from the Ibadi jama'a of Basra to Kairouan. By 740, their efforts had converted the major Berber tribes of Huwwara around Tripoli, Nafusa in Jabal Nafusa, and Zenata in western Tripolitania. In 757 (140 AH), a group of four Basra-educated missionaries (including Abd ar-Rahman ibn Rustam) proclaimed an Ibadi imamate, starting an abortive state led by Abul-Khattab Abdul-A'la ibn as-Samh which lasted until the Abbasids suppressed it in 761, and Abul-Khattab Abdul-A'la ibn as-Samh was killed. On his death, the Tripolitanian Ibadis elected Abul-Hatim al-Malzuzi as imam; he was killed in 772, after launching a second unsuccessful revolt in 768. After this, the center of power shifted to Algeria, and Abd ar-Rahman ibn Rustam, a Tunisian-born convert to Kharijism of Persian origins already mentioned as one of the four founders of this imamate, was elected imam; after this, the post remained in his family, a practice which the Ibadis justified by noting that he came from no tribe, and thus his family had no bias towards any of the tribes of which the state was formed.

The new imamate was centered on the newly built capital of Tahert; several Ibadi tribes displaced from Tunisia and Tripolitania settled there, and strong fortifications were built. It became a major stop on the newly developing trade routes with sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. It is described by visitors, such as the Sunni Ibn as-Saghir, as notably multi-religious, with a significant and loyal Christian minority and a substantial number of Sunnis and Jews, and open religious debate was encouraged. Ibn as-Saghir also describes the imam as notably ascetic, repairing his own house and refusing gifts; the citizens sharply criticized him if they considered him derelict in his duty. Religious ethics were strictly enforced by law.

The Rustamids fought the Aghlabids of Ifriqiyya (based in Qairawan) in 812, but otherwise reached a modus vivendi; this displeased the Ibadi tribes on the Aghlabid border, who launched a few rebellions.

After Abdul-Wahhab, the Rustamids grew militarily weak; they were easily conquered by the Ismaili Shiite Fatimids in 909, upon which many Ibadis - including the last imam - fled to the Sedrata tribe of Ouargla, whence they would ultimately emigrate to Oued Mzab.

Rustamid Imams

A Caliphate era empire in North Africa... I had never heard of it, anyone have more information?

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  Quote Ahmed The Fighter Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-Jan-2006 at 10:04

Many states are founded in the west area of the caliphate (Idrisid,Rustamid,Banu Medrar)after the begining of breakup of Abbasid in 776 A.D the first state broke a way is Rustamid after them Idrisid.

this the story of the Idrisid if you intrested

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idrisid

it is almost the same story of the Rustamids but Idrisids were shia.

I  think this map will help you.



Edited by Ahmed The Fighter
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  Quote Maju Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-Jan-2006 at 10:16
Another map in English (year 800):



Green area to the east is the Caliphate. The Imamat of Tahert is the Rustumid dynasty. They were not the only independent state of the Moghreb at that time.

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  Quote Zagros Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-Jan-2006 at 10:20
What particularly interested me is the name "Rostam" which is Iranian origin.  I have also read something about an Iranian general with that name in the conquests of the Ommayads in Spain and was wondering if there was any connection.
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  Quote Ahmed The Fighter Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-Jan-2006 at 15:22

 You are right Zagros he was Abdel rahman ibn Rustam ibn bahram ibn khesro descendant of persian kings of sassanid dynasty.

He was born in iraq,his father was dying during the Hajj then his mother married a man from Maghreb.

he want to reinforce Abu AL khatab but he failed and fled to Mountain,the abbasids stopped their campaign then he begin esablishing his state.

this state was the graetest cultural and trade and comercial center in africa it controlled all important trade route in africa(salt,gold,slaves).

 

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  Quote Zagros Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-Jan-2006 at 17:08
Thanks for the info Ahmad.
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