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How Georgians saved the Safavid Empire

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Roman Sakhan View Drop Down
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  Quote Roman Sakhan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: How Georgians saved the Safavid Empire
    Posted: 16-Jan-2019 at 20:05
How Georgians saved the Safavid Empire from the Balochs in 17th

Greetings, please forgive my bad English, but I know Turkish and Russian ... pleasant reading! ...
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  Quote Roman Sakhan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-Jan-2019 at 20:07
The story of how at the end of the 17th century in the great Safavid state (in southeastern Iran) invaded
The nomads of Baloch Kech and Makran, in the head of which stood Shadad Khan and Khosro Shah Baloch, information about their brutal ruin of slapstick and pockets is in the book "LIFE OF KINGS". including Samandar Khan.
Sekhnia Chkheidze was a graduate of Prince Levan, son of Vakhtang V and brother of Giorgi XI, Kartlian kings of the second half of the XVII century, and grew up with Kayhosro Levanovich. Subsequently, as can be seen, he became the court of King Giorgi XI. For the first time, he speaks about himself in connection with the events of 1687 and indicates that he served in the army of King Giorgi.  In 1696, he moved to Iran in the retinue of Prince Kaihosro. In 1699, while still there, S. Chkheidze accompanied Tsarevich Levan, whom the shah granted the post of Naib Kirman. Here he repeatedly participated in the battles against the Baloch tribes. Until 1703, S. Chkheidze served with the Kartlian kings and princes in Iran. In the same year he returned to Kartli with Levan.
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  Quote Roman Sakhan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-Jan-2019 at 20:10
Calling his work "The Life of Kings" (The History of Kings), S. Chkheidze basically follows the course taken. He did not write the history of Georgia (Kartli-Kakheta, at least), but the history of the kings of Kartli and, in part, Kakheti in connection with relations with Iran and the history of Iran of the late XVII - first third of the XVIII centuries. 
Moreover, S. Chkheidze mainly describes the history of the Kartli Bagration (Mukhran branch), who occupied the Kartlian throne from 1658 to 1727, when the Ottomans liquidated the kingdom in Kartli.
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  Quote Roman Sakhan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-Jan-2019 at 20:11
The translation is made from handwritten texts of the Institute of Manuscripts. K. Kekelidze of the Academy of Sciences of the GSSR (No. S-3671 and H-2304).
The principles of translation are set out in the preface of the Russian edition of Vakhushti Bagration's History of Georgia (Tbilisi, 1976).

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  Quote Roman Sakhan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-Jan-2019 at 20:13
《 In the Summer of 1699 November 20, the Shah of Iran invited King Tsar Giorgi, and met him with a smile, began to drink, planted close and treated him to wine and enjoyed themselves gloriously. He granted [shah] beglar-begi in Kerman and called [the king] the name of his father, Shahnavaz. 
The Lord Giorgi Kirman did not wish, as he was the ruler of Georgia and did not befitting him of Kirman, and refused.But Shah did not fall behind, took him by the hand. There was no way out, [the king] kissed his knee. The Georgian ruler was delighted to obey him, they both got drunk and poured wine to each other. The Georgians left there in a cheerful mood and had fun, but not because of Kerman, but for the improvement of the cause and the location of [the Shah].
On the third day, he called [the shah] prince Levan, granted him Naib (title) of Kerman and sent him there as a messenger. At the same time, the Baloch was ravaged by the Kerman land. And so, it was not in vain that they invented Kirman to them. The Georgian prince Levan went, took with him Sehni Chekheidze, lord Giorgi gave him David Abashishvili and about a dozen others. They marched for twenty days, arrived at Kirman, and troops and citizens came out to meet them, rejoiced at their salvation.
Twelve days passed, the news of the Baloch army came: "Mir-Khosro-Shah spoke with a strong army, goes to destroy the land of Bandar-Abbas."
Hearing this news, the Georgian and Tatar horsemen jumped up, came out with an army, walked day and night, on the sixteenth day they approached Kanudinar, the border of Bandar land, and there they settled down.
The next day, their patrol arrived and said: "Khosro has already destroyed all the Bandar lands, he himself remained to continue the robbery, and sent two sardars with a prey to the makran."
The news came to them of stopping the Balochis on the rocky terrain, (those two Sardars) notified them of the small number of Baloch troops.
On the night, the Georgians approached a rocky area where the Balochis were located, surrounding themselves with camels and settling themselves on a high rock. Upon learning of the arrival of the Tatars and Georgians, the Balochs did not even move, according to Sehnie, they too often beat and fled the Kyzylbash.
Before the arrival of Georgians and Tatars, Shah sent against the Baluch
Mamadali Khan with his Kyzylbashs, he also fled from them three times, his army was slaughtered, the property was divided.
But this time the Baloch were very worried. The guards of Tsarevich Levan successfully deceived them, ostensibly this time the Balochs would fight with people gog and magog. As soon as the sky lit up, the riders of Levan were ready to attack. The distance was so close between the enemies, Levan had not had time to give the order. The first shot was already with the Balochi side.
A bullet hit a shield, passed it, hit the neck of a horse standing near Levan, and the horse fell.
The battle dragged on until noon, and the Balochs first felt the taste of defeat, and the clear victory was for the Georgian king Levan.
They returned with a victory and returned to the same Kanudinar, for they were waiting for [Khosro-shah], and Khosro-shah, having learned of their victory, went to Manivazh hollow.
The road there was difficult and dangerous, Levan himself was afraid and did not want to fight him, he sent Sekhni Chekheidze one, giving him two hundred selected Tatar warriors.
They caught up with them at Manivazha hollow, opened the firing, Khosro Shah sent Nagara Khan, with almost a hundred horsemen and all
they were beheaded.
Sekhnia returned to his masters and this was already a second victory, there was great joy, gave [his master] generously and dressed him in golden fabric, [then] sent Jafar-run to Ispahan a herald to the shah and brother to his king Giorgi. Summer (1700), in June, the message came: "The Balochs reunited and walk again." It turns out that they went through the desert in such a way that no one knew anything, because all the Balochi warriors were on camels, the camel army of invaders headed for Kashan land, destroyed the Kashan environs, there was no one to answer them.
The shah got angry and sent troops to them ”[but] they failed to harm them, they fled and defeated the shah's troops. Balochis remained in Kashan land and waited for someone to come.
The Georgians and Tatars received the decree of the Shah who wrote to the king: "They ravaged my land and defeated my army, went to your land, show your valor, do not let them go unpunished."
But even if the Georgian [king] would not have received the order, it was in the rules of him - no matter where the enemy came from, he would not let go without a fight. He sent a sentinel, notified the sentinel: "They acted and are heading along the Sistan road."
He exiled [tsar] Tsarevich Levan and gathered the army of Kirman, arrived in Bam, on the six-day journey from Kerman. As the king learned that they were following that road, he came with a detachment of Georgians, arrived in Bam. It took the Georgian king nearly a month to gather huge troops.
But the Baloches could not wait for a long time, camped and left 700 foot soldiers, the rest of the soldiers took their loot and went deep into the desert, and the army of the Georgian king discovered the camp and approached them in front. 
Seeing them, the remnants of the Balochs could not leave and sat down in shelters. There was a big rock, a stone mound was built on that rock, below the rock there were two hills, smaller than that [rock].
Georgians Tatars and Persians joined the battles from below [attacked] the prince and from above the king opened the firing. And during this shooting Khan Sistan approached, asked:  "We obeyed your decree [and came] and from which side I should attack them." They were delighted with his arrival, for he approached in time. They ordered them to attack on the left, they looked good, if they had brought the matter to the end.
Balochs as lions attacked Sistan warrior, and already Khan Sistan ordered his troops to retreat.
The Georgians and Tatars took up the fortifications: they galloped around, went to the rock, jumped off their horses, took up sabers, attacked on foot. But this time the Balochs began to take over, fought very courageously.
Georgians worried, they began to rush into battle, as their success humiliated them.  Having approached, the Baluchis rose, began to attack successfully, and for the Georgians there was no chance,
and suddenly everything fell down as if someone had thrown stones from above.
Some of the Georgians rejoiced over the failure of the Baluchs, while others were saddened by the defeat of the troops.
A strong battle broke out, they died, some of the Georgians, despite the fact that the Balochs fell in the Nis, they still began to fight bravely,
it became hard, the king rode forward, [his voice] thundered like heaven, called upon the Georgians: "Show your courage." The prince also entered.
Georgians and Tatars galloped off and crashed into them, met the Baluchs with courage and did not avoid the fight. The king's army won, killed them, got all their prey.
There was one tall and gallant Baluch among them, remained with only one saber, jumped down from above, attacked Sehnies Chkheidze, struck the sheath and cut off the end, then rushed upstairs, like a tiger, and threw off two Tatars with a saber. No one chased after him, for every Baloch was like a tiger, he went into the field.
At this time, Zurab, he Zurab approached, congratulated the prince on his victory. The prince pointed out: “Look at this man, almost escaped from us.” The prince discouraged him: "You yourself are tired of the fight, and then he is far from here." As soon as he approached, it turns out that one Persian, armed with a fast horse, sneaked up [to that Baloch]. That Baloch waited for him and as soon as [Persian] approached, rushed towards him, hit the saber on his right shoulder, lifted him by the leg and, threw off his horse like a cat, but he remained unharmed.
Saykhnie says - “We were surprised if [the Persian] was such a coward, and then we were chasing him, we began to scold and condemn him.” The Baloch on the horse of the Persian, you would say, flew away like a falcon. Zurab could not catch up with him, because his horse was tired, he had no choice but to go back.
It turns out that the four Balochs also left, chasing after them sixteen Tatars on horseback. They turned to each other, turned sixteen [Tatars] to flight, and pursued them on foot.
Seeing this, Zurab attacked them, from the back struck one with a spear and fell on the other, both fell down, struck the third with a spear, pierced through and nailed to the ground, broke a spear and took hold of the saber, attacked the fourth Baloch, but that Baloch did not chicken out , rushed under the horse, hit with a saber, cut off the stirrup from Zurab.
Those sixteen Tatars were cut off [that Baloch's head] and brought to Zurab and congratulated on the victory. He refused - “your prey, I only helped,” he returned to them, came to the king, he was glad for him and his victory.
After lord Giorgi invited the Baloch leader Khosro Shah to his guest, gave him some expensive gifts and made peace with him.



Edited by Roman Sakhan - 17-Jan-2019 at 02:39
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  Quote Roman Sakhan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-Jan-2019 at 21:03
If you do not understand, ask me to answer
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  Quote Roman Sakhan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 22-Jan-2019 at 07:00
But that writes VAHUSHTI BAGRATIONI 
And when the Balochs rebelled, they robbed Kirman and Yazd with robbery, and no matter how much the Shah sent troops and commander to them, they always won. For this reason, Shah forced King Giorgi to [he] cope with this matter and return Kartli to him again and the king would not agree. However, the Georgians who were with them begged him to agree. Therefore, the king agreed, they gave [him] Kirman and great gifts. And the king sent the first to Kirman his brother Levan with the Georgians. And having arrived in Kirman, Levan went to the Lutbars, in whom [a] a courageous woman in battles and troubles. And the Lutbars could not resist and gave up the woman and hung it there and subdued them. Then the big Baloch detachments came out for robbery, Levan clutched with them and exterminated everyone. Then the king went with a small army of Georgians. The Balochs came out again and ravaged the whole of Khorasan. In response, the king gathered the Kirman army and the Georgians with it, went through the difficult and waterless desert and caught up with them. Seeing [the king], they fortified themselves on the mountains and rocks. Then the king divided his troops, Levan and Georgians separately, the Kermans separately and himself separately, went over to the attack and broke into their camp and exterminated everyone. The king returned to Kirman and sent their heads to the Shah. 
 And King Giorgi calmed down all the recalcitrant and invited the Baloch leaders to himself, for Khosroshah and Shahdad, the Baloch kings, came to him to make peace. Then bordering the Hindus, the Balochs came to Khorasan with war. The king sent on them a huge Georgian-Kyzylbash troops. They went through a cruel desert, and they got there, a strong fight ensued, but the king's happiness took over, despite the fact that the Baloch were small enough to die, but the victory was still the troops of the Shah. But then the Balochis rebelled against Kandahar Khan, led by Mir-Samandar Khan, and plundered the environs of Kandahar. The shah sent Tamasp spaspeta, for he was [he] the uncle of Tamasp (the brother of the Iranian shah and son have one name Tamasp). And Tamasp fought hard there. Then Mir-Samandar, summoned him to a duel, in a battle he killed Tamasp and beat his soldiers and after that he was unable to resist the Kandahar khan to the Balochs and he ran from there ... Khan ... from Kandahar ... to Iran)! But the king of giorgi had to make peace with Mir Samandar, he is kind.    HISTORY OF THE KINGDOM OF GEORGIAN
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