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Question about the Crown and Parliament

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crash1211 View Drop Down
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  Quote crash1211 Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: Question about the Crown and Parliament
    Posted: 26-Jul-2007 at 17:00
Hello I'm new here.  I just wanted to say hello, and ask a question I have been curious about lately. 

When did the British Parliament really gain ascendancy over the Crown?  Was it before or after the English Civil War?  If so what happened when the Restoration took place?  Did the king have much less control when he was restored to power?   What I'd really like to know was during what time frame did the Crown lose real control of power? 

Thanks for any information on the subject.
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Paul View Drop Down
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  Quote Paul Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 26-Jul-2007 at 18:00
Traditionally George I 1660-1727 and George II 1727-1760 renounced most remaining royal power ceding it to Robert Warpole, the 1st prime minister. However Royal power had been being eroded since Magna Carta and after the ECW no king ever challenged Parliament.
 
 
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  Quote Guests Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 27-Jul-2007 at 01:47
Well, while no monarch since Queen Anne in 1704 has ever withheld assent to an act of Parliament, the threat of it is still a very valid one, and on many occasions the fact that the monrach may withhold assent has stopped the government of the day. Incientally twice in Queen Elizabeth's reign, she has chosen PM'S of her own accord, MacMillian and Home.
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  Quote gcle2003 Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 27-Jul-2007 at 05:11

The last two choices antedated the adoption by the Conservative party of leadership elections. Heath was the first elected Conservative leader.

(And Paul has a typo: 'Warpole' should of course be 'Walpole'.)

While Paul is otherwise generally correct, post-1066, Royal power in England only became absolute with William I. In Anglo-Saxon England the monarch(s) had to contend with the Witenagemot(s), which had considerable power including that of appointing and deposing the monarch.
 
The rise of Parliament was therefore seen and justified as the restoration of the ancient freedoms of the people.
 
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