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Topic ClosedAmazing sun temples of India

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Direct Link To This Post Topic: Amazing sun temples of India
    Posted: 25-Oct-2015 at 12:31
Your name is in violation of the CoC as a probable spammer or spam bot. Further you are not, as an initial poster, allowed to post a web link in your signature block until you have received permission to do so.

Obviously you failed to read the CoC as required upon membership. The post link has been edited.

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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 25-Oct-2015 at 08:09
I think You forgot this one:
1400 years old Sun Clock carved on a Indian Temple
http://www.mysteryofindia.com/2015/03/1400-years-old-sun-clock-of-chola-empire.html
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-May-2014 at 11:04
The temple has an ambulatory pathway running along the entire outside of the apse. 

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The passage consists of a gallery, the inner wall of which has 11 wall niches. These niches frame a sculptures of various deities, however only 7 have survived. These reliefs although damaged to certain extent are still considered masterpieces of the Chalukya period.


Lord Shiva with his bull Nandi
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Durga as Mahishasurmardini (the one who killed buffalo demon)
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Lord Vishnu with his vehicle Garuda
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Lord Vishnu in his boar incarnation rescuing the Mather Earth from the ocean
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Lord Vishnu in the Nursinha Avatara (incarnation in the form of partial man partial lion)
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Lord Harihara (Half Shiva and Half Vishnu)
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-May-2014 at 11:01
Durga temple, Aihole

The name of the temple in this case is misleading as it isn't dedicated to goddess Durga. It is named as such after a nearby fort. (The sanskrit word for the Fort is Durga). The temple was built around 725 AD during the reign of the Chalukya ruler Vijayaditya. 

In the context of India temple architecture the temple holds an unique position due to various reasons. First of all the building doesn't fit in any of the conventional category of Indian temple architecture. The Hall and Porch are built into Dravida style, while the Shikhara or the pyramidal top is built in Nagara style. The entire temple itself is built in the apsidal form which is extremely unusual for the Hindu temples of the time.

The biggest mystery however concerns the deity to whom this temple was dedicated, At some point of time the main deity from the inner sanctum was removed and the reliefs on the temple walls contain the representation of wide variety of deities, which makes its identification difficult. Over the years it has been connected variously with Buddha, Shiva, Vishnu, Durga and Aditya (surya - Sun diety). It was associated with Buddhism because in the past the apsidal temple architecture was erroneously associated exclusively with Buddhism. However in reality Apsidal architecture was also used by the Ajivikas, Jaina and Hindu cults too. Besides it is little bit difficult to explain the Hindu iconography in Buddhist temple. Shaiva temples of the region generally had tradition for the separate Nandi pavilion infront of the temple, which is absent in this case, so it can't be Shiva temple either. Since the Goddess isn't the principal presentation on the reliefs it can't be dedicated to Goddess Durga either. Vishnu temples of the region and period tend to have exclusive Vaishnava iconography, while as suggested earlier the temple contains representation of the various deities.. So it can't be Vishnu temple either. Most of the art historians today consider it as Sun temple as there is an image of the Sun deity above entrance, in addition to several representations of Sun god in the temple. Besides an inscription has been found which refers to it as a temple of Aditya. So it is safe to assume that the temple was indeed dedicated to Sun god.

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Circular stone on the ground is actually the fallen top of the temple.


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Edited by Jinit - 08-May-2014 at 11:04
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-May-2014 at 11:00
Originally posted by TITAN_

Very beautiful artefacts, indeed!

Thanks Titan. :)




Edited by Jinit - 08-May-2014 at 11:03
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08-Apr-2013 at 09:22
Very beautiful artefacts, indeed!
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07-Apr-2013 at 19:04

Fantastic. I seem to remember reading that the wheels on the temple walls are Buddhist in origin and represent the cycle of birth and rebirth.
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07-Apr-2013 at 10:07
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07-Apr-2013 at 10:01
Sun Temple of Jhalrapatan
Jhalrapatan used to be an important junction on the trade route. According to the story it has many temples and as such it is called City of Bells. The Sun temple of Jhalrapatan was built in 10th century althaugh looking from the photographs it seems that additions might have been made to the original structure.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Edited by Jinit - 07-Apr-2013 at 10:08
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07-Apr-2013 at 04:12
Sun Temple of Ranakpur
Ranakpur is famous for its extremely beautiful Jain temples. And the Sun temple of Ranakpur looks pale in comparision to the massive Jain temple. None the less its worth mentioning. I don't know much about temple anf from whatever I read on the net, the temple was built in 13th century (most probably by Sisodia dynasty which claims the lineage from Solar diety). The original temple was destroyed and later on replaced by the new temple in 15th century.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The exterior of the temple is carved by the numerours idols of Solar diety who is depicted as riding the horse chariot.
 
 
 
 
 


Edited by Jinit - 07-Apr-2013 at 04:13
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 07-Apr-2013 at 01:23

Katarmal Sun temple, Uttarakhand

The temples is of religious and historical significance. Aesthetically it isn't as magnificent as the other sun temples. The Temple was built (most probably in the 13th century) by the king Katarmalla of Katyuri dynasty who used to rule hilly region of Kumaon. The temple is sarrounded by numerous small shrines dedicated to the different Gods and Goddesses. The temple used to be decorated with beautifully carved wodden panels and doors which were removed to the National museum of Delhi due to the possible threat of the theft.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Edited by Jinit - 07-Apr-2013 at 01:28
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 15:54
Some carvings in detail
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 15:45
Chitragupta Sun Temple, Khajuraho
Chitragupta Sun temple was built in 11th century by the Chandela rulers along with other temples of the Khajuraho temple Complex which used to be cultural capital of the Chandela dynasty. The temple is built in Nagara style of architecture and just like the other temples of the complex, this temple is also richly carved with the routine day to day scenes, mythological stories and the erotic sculptures. Chitragupta sun temple isn't that much important as the above sun temples and probably isn't as much impressive as other big temples of the Khajuraho Complex. None the less I think its better to mention it as the thread is dedicated to the sun temples of the India.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ceiling of the temple
 
 


Edited by Jinit - 06-Apr-2013 at 15:55
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 15:16
Martand Sun Temple
Unlike the sun temples of Konark and Modhera, Martand sun temple is not as much impressive as it used to be. None the less when it comes to the Sun temples of India, Martand sun temple is considered one of the most important sun temples along with the other two sun temples.
The sun temple was built in 8th century by the Kashmiri king Lalitaditya Muktapida in the 8th century at the time when the Karkota dynasty of Kashmir used to rule the entire north India. Just like the Solanki rulers KArkota dyansty was also Suryavanshi (descendents of the Solar diety). The temple is built in the Kashmiri style of architecture which is unique from the other architecture styles of India due to the influence from Chinese, Greek, Central Asian and probably  syrian and Byzantine style of Architecture. The temple was destroyed in 15th century by the muslim ruler Sikandar Butshikan - who is also known as the Sikandar the iconoclast.  The temple is located at very beautiful location and looks impressive in winter even in such bismal condition.
 
Btw MArtand is also one of the name of the Solar diety.
 
Original plan of the temple
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 08:38
Guda mandap - Sanctum sanctoum where the idol was placed.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Edited by Jinit - 06-Apr-2013 at 10:39
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 08:18
Sabha mandap -  A place were religious ceremonies were performed
 
 
The two columns on the front used to support an arch called "Toran"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interior of the Sabha mandap
 
 
 
 
 
 
Some of the delicate carvings on the pillars.
 
 
As you can see they aren't as much sharp as it used to be due to the use of fragile sandstone which erodes with time.
 
 


Edited by Jinit - 06-Apr-2013 at 10:48
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 08:00

Modhera Sun Temple

This sun temple was built by the king Bhimdev Solanki in 1026 AD. The Solanki dynasty were considered direct descendents of Solar diety and as such it was considered major diety. The temple was made in such a way that the the rays of the rising and setting sun on the 20th march and 21st september (only days of the year when the day and night are of equal length and the centre of the sun is in allignment of the equator of earth) fall directly on the idol of Sun god entering through main Toran or gate. The idol was made of purely gold with sun riding on his chariot with the seven horse. The idol was looted by the Ghazni's raid of 1030 AD and later on the temple was partially destroyed by the Allaudin khalji. Besides the temple is built with extremely delicate sandstones so many of the images are eroded.

The temple is built in Maru Gurjar style of Architecture (althaugh I am not sure. it may be Nagara style of Architeture) Just like the Konark sun temple was made with the theme of Chariot of the Sun, The Modhera sun temple was built with the theme of the Lotus - as lotus is considered the flower of the Sun god. The temple consists of the 3 portion - Surya kund (sun tank) the steps of which are covered with 108 (holy number in hinduism) shrines of major and minor gods of Hinduism, Sabha mandap - a place to perform the religious ceremonies, Guda mandap - sanctum sanctorum were the main idol was installed. both the mandap are richly decorated with the mythological stories and 12 differant forms of Aditya or Sun.
Surya kund
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 As you can see, The "shikhar" - Pyramidal tops of both main buildings are missing. 
 
 


Edited by Jinit - 06-Apr-2013 at 08:21
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 06:56
Originally posted by TITAN_

Very impressive indeed. Are there any monuments (big sculptures, buildings, statues) that date before Ashoka's era that you would like to share with us? The more impressive, the better!
 
Thanks Titan.
 
Unofrutnately the stone was rarely used in Indian architecture before the Mauryan era. So its very hard to find monuments that predates the Ashoka's reign except for the sites belonging to the Indus valley civilization. I will start a thread on the Ancient Indian architecture later on.
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 04:20
Very impressive indeed. Are there any monuments (big sculptures, buildings, statues) that date before Ashoka's era that you would like to share with us? The more impressive, the better!
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Direct Link To This Post Posted: 06-Apr-2013 at 00:55
Other notable sculptures
 
Idols of Solar diety
 
 
 
 
 
 
One of the seven horses on the side wall carrying the chariot
 
 
 
 
 
War horse
 
 
 
 
War elephant
 
 
 
 


Edited by Jinit - 06-Apr-2013 at 01:07
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