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What was the ethnic makeup of Khwarezm empire?

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    Posted: 20-Feb-2008 at 00:17

Ghengis invaded the Khwarezm empire around 1220. From what I understand the worse devestation caused by his army was to cities sieged in the early years of his conquest of persia. If anyone can name some of these cities that he massacred that would help:

My question is what was the demographics of these places that he devastated? I assumed  that since it was persia the population was mostly or all indo-iranian. However ive seen evidence that would suggest there were other ethnic groups, and considering the fact that the ruler of this empire was turkic, maybe central asia (north and east iran + afghanistan) was not all indo-iranian as I had assumed before?

Edited by Sarmat12 - 20-Feb-2008 at 02:03
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  Quote Bulldog Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 20-Feb-2008 at 03:14
There is an Allempires article about the Khwarezm empire
Basically, the empire was founded by Turkic rulers appointed by the Seljuks.
The demographics would have been predominantly Turkic and Iranic with some Arab quaters in large cities.
Kunya Urgench one of the major cities of the Khwarzemshahs and Seljuks, which was home to many distinct architectural works including tombs of the Kagans, shrines and huge minarets was razed to the ground.
Only recently the lost city of Jend was found in Kazakistan, Jend was one of the first cities which newly converted Turks founded and was the power centre of the newly formed Seljuks. Tombs and buildings dating to the 9th centuries are being excavated. This city was totally destroyed by the Mongols, literally wiped off the map for centuries.
      What we do for ourselves dies with us. What we do for others and the world remains and is immortal.
Albert Pine

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