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Great Historic Capitals

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    Posted: 13-Aug-2004 at 02:10
What city was the greatest in the Islamic world?

I think that Baghdad of the 8th to 13th centuries was the greatest capital the Islamic world had ever seen.
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  Quote Tobodai Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Aug-2004 at 02:26

I think that by the time the crusades were over Cairo would be quite a sight to behold.

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  Quote Temujin Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Aug-2004 at 15:24
I would also like to mention Damascus
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  Quote Cyrus Shahmiri Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Aug-2004 at 15:37

Isfahan!

Baghdad was just a great city in early Islamic period but Isfahan has been always one of the greatest cities, I think Friday Mosque of Isfahan shows the importance of this city during various Islamic periods, this mosque has been built in 1220 years by Abbasid Arabs, Saffarids, Buyids, Deylamids, Seljuk Turks, Atabegs, Mongols, Timurids, Ak Koyonlu Turkmens, Safavids, Afsharids and Qajars.

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  Quote Guests Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Aug-2004 at 16:26

Yes, I was thinking about Isfahan as well!

I think when it boils down to it. There are four great capitals in Islamic history depending on the time in history.

Baghdad

Isfahan

Cairo

Instanbul

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  Quote Mast Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Aug-2004 at 16:47
It depends if you're talking about medieval Islamic history or general, if about earlier then Istanbul/Constantinople was not muslim. Samarqand should not be forgotten after it fell to Islam.
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  Quote Temujin Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Aug-2004 at 16:48
don't forget about Cordoba and Samarkand for the Eastern and westernmost holdings respectively...
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  Quote Cyrus Shahmiri Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14-Aug-2004 at 06:38
And I think the greatest capital of the Islamic world was Tabriz, this city was capital 6 Great Islamic Empires, it was also the capital of Armenian Empire at the height of its power and Mongol Empire stretching from Egypt to the Oxus River and from the Caucasus to the Indian Ocean.
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  Quote Beylerbeyi Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15-Aug-2004 at 09:30

My hometown, Istanbul (a.k.a. Dersaadet, Konstantiniyye, etc.) was a great Islamic capital as some members mentioned. Right after the Middle Ages, especially from the 16th century to the mid-17th, it was great in terms of power (ruling most of the Middle East, North Africa, Caucasus and Balkans) and beauty, among the greatest on the planet. In the 19th century it was beautiful too, after the construction on baroque/imperial style mosques and palaces, but its power declined, especially in comparison to the West.

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  Quote ihsan Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15-Aug-2004 at 15:21
As for the capitals; Damascus, Baghdd, Cairo, Qurtuba, Ray, Isfahan, Istanbul, Delhi and Samarknd rank among the greatest.
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  Quote Ollios Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 26-Oct-2013 at 08:39
In Turkey, Islam and word "city"  meet in Konya, the capital of Seljuk Sultane of Rum

but in general I support Baghdad and Damascus. Istanbul, Cairo, Isfahan, Samarkand and Mecca weren't the great intermuslim cities

However Bagdad and Damascus were well-known with their cosmomuslim culture

Istanbul is so Turkic,
Isfahan is so Persian,
Cairo is so Egyptic...
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  Quote yomud Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 26-Oct-2013 at 09:24
dont forget about merv !!Tongue
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  Quote Guests Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 29-Aug-2015 at 10:51
Damascus: capital of Umayyads
Merv: capital of seljuks
Isfahan: capital of seljuks and safavids
Samarkand: capital of Khwarazmids and Timurids
Tabriz: capital of Ilkhanate and Safaivds
Cairo: capital of Fatimids, Ayyubids, Mamluks
Herat: captial of Ghurids, Timurids
Urgench: former capital of Khwarazmids
Fez: capital of Almohads
Cordoba: capital of umayyads(of spain)
Konya(Iconium): capital of Rum Seljuks





I personally think Baghdad, Cairo were the greatest capitals of Medieval islamic world. Baghdad was the center of muslim world from 8th century to 1258, and after the destruction of Baghdad by the mongols Cairo became the head of the muslim world.
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