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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: Today in Womens History
    Posted: 12-May-2006 at 10:07
Occurring in Women's History on May 12th:


1820 Florence Nightingale was born (nurse, reformer, statistician). Florence Nightingale made history with her nursing work in the Crimean War and helped shake up the field of medicine. She developed the "polar-area diagram to dramatize the needless deaths caused by unsanitary conditions and the need for reform.   

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence_Nightingale


Florence Nightingale

1970: Nelly Sachs died today. (Nobel Laureate, Swedish poet). She was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1966 (Nobel Laureate, Swedish poet) Sachs was a German Jew who was born in Berlin. In 1940, Swedish writer, Selma Lagerlf helped Nelly Sachs escape to Sweden with her mother, escaping the fate of the rest of her family in Nazi concentration camps. Nelly Sachs eventually took on Swedish nationality.
Nelly Sachs began her life in Sweden by translating Swedish works to German. After the war, when she began writing poetry to memorialize the Jewish experience in the Holocaust, her work began to win critical and public acclaim. Her 1950 radio play Eli is especially noted. She wrote her work in German.

Source:   http://nobelprize.org/literature/la ureates/1966/sachs-autobi o.html


Nelly Sachs



Edited by morticia
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-May-2006 at 10:32
Women's History - May 13th

1847 Zelinda Gilbert (a/k/a Linda Gilbert) was born in New York, USA. She is remembered as a prison reformer for establishing a library (and other services) for prison inmates. At that time, prison inmates had no reading materials available to them.

Source: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9125751

1850 - Ellen Spencer Mussey was born in Ohio, USA. She helped found a co-educational law school to promote the social and economic advancement of women. This was at a time in the U.S.A. when women were often excluded from higher education. She became a lawyer (self-tutored in law) and went out and lectured primarily for local women who were frustrated by the men-only admission policies of most law schools. She further co-established the Washington College of Law, which later became part of he American University. She was the first dean of that school.

Source: http://www.wcl.american.edu/history/mussey.cfm


Ellen Spencer Mussey

1995 - Alison Hargreaves (a British mother of two) reaches the peak of Mount Everest without oxygen or sherpas. She was the first woman and the second person to do so.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alison_Hargreaves






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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14-May-2006 at 15:52
Women's History - May 14th

1861 - 18-year-old Adela Juana Maria Patti (opera singer) made European debut. Adelina was born in Madrid, Spain to a Sicilian father and Italian mother in 1843. Both of her parents were involved in opera and the family moved, in 1847, to New York for better employment opportunities for a show business family. Adelina became one of the most famous women in the world and the highest paid. She was one of the first international superstars.

http://www.opera-singer.co.uk/


Adelina Patti

1991: Winnie Mandela sentenced to six years in prison for taking part in a kidnapping. She was known as the Mother of Africa and was the wife of anti-apartheid campaigner, Nelson Mandela. In passing sentence, the judge, Mr Justice Stegmann, called her an "unblushing and unprincipled liar". Mandelas housekeeper and driver were also found guilty of taking part in the kidnapping of our youths who were suspected of being police informers. One of the four, 14-year old Stompie Moesketsi, died from his injuries. Mandelas chief bodyguard, Jerry Richardson, had been sentenced to death for the boys murder, earlier in the year. Mandelas sentence was subsequently cut when a court partially upheld an appeal and reduced her prison term for fraud to a suspended sentence and escaped a prison sentence.

Sources: http://news.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=828&id=771592004
http://www.ccds.charlotte.nc.us/History/Africa/04/liang/lian g.htm


Winnie Mandela
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-May-2006 at 10:26
Women's History - May 15th

1886 - Emily Dickinson died on this day. She was an American lyrical poet, and an obsessively private writer. Only seven of her some 1800 poems were published during her lifetime. Withdrawing herself from social contact at 23 years of age, she devoted herself to writing. Heres her biography together with some of her work.

Source: http://www.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/dickinson.htm


Emily Dickinson

1937 - Madeleine Korbel Albright was born. She is the first woman Secretary of State in the United States. She also served as a Senior Fellow in Soviet and Eastern European Affairs at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, conducting research in developments and trends in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. For more on Ms. Albright, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madeleine_Albright


Madeleine Albright

1991 - Edith Cresson takes office as first woman Prime Minister of France. She made headlines by claiming that one in four British men were "homosexuals" and attributing the economic success of the Japanese to their "ant-like" qualities. After only 10 months, her ineffectual leadership, erratic tenure, and record low poll ratings, ended. Cresson blamed her low ratings and downfall on a macho plot. For more on Ms. Cresson, please see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edith_Cresson


    
    
    

Edited by morticia - 16-May-2006 at 14:40
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-May-2006 at 10:28
Women's History - May 16th

17l8 - Maria Agnesi was born in Milan, Italy. She was the first woman appointed as a mathematics professor at a university. She wrote the first mathematics book by a woman that still survives. For more on Agnesi, please see: http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/agnesi.htm


1770 - Maria Antoinette marries (at age 14) Frances 15-year old future King Louis XVI.. Four years later, she became Queen of France. For more on Antoinette/King Louis XVI, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Antoinette


Marie Antoinette

1955 - Olga Korbut was born (athlete and gymnast). She is a Soviet Belarusian gymnast and won 4 gold medals and two silver medals at the summer Olympics in 1972 and 1976. For more, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olga_Korbut

    
    
    

Edited by morticia - 16-May-2006 at 14:41
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  Quote Seko Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-May-2006 at 15:35
Good to see your effort in "Today in Women's History" Morticia!
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16-May-2006 at 18:47
Thank you for your kind words, Seko. This is my contribution to the preservation of the human female species. Had it not been for these women that I write about here, my life (as a woman) would be totally different than it is today. I give much credit to these women for giving me the strength, the courage and the wisdom to fulfill my destiny in this lifetime to its fullest.
    

Edited by morticia - 17-May-2006 at 11:30
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 17-May-2006 at 11:33
Womens History - May 17th

1874 - Bertha Kalich was born. She was a Jewish actress, born in Lemberg, Galicia (now Lviv, Ukraine). She is primarily known for her roles in NYC theater and starred on Broadway in plays, such as Maeterlincks Monna Vanna. For more on Bertha Kalich, see,

Source: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0435747/


Bertha Kalich

1903 -Lena Levine was born in Brooklyn, New York. Her parents were Russian Jews from Lithuana who immigrated to the U.S. in the 1890's. She was a pioneer and activist in the birth control movement and marriage counseling.    Fore more info, please see,

Source:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Levine
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 18-May-2006 at 12:07
    Womens History - May 18th

1869 - Rachelle Slobodinsky Yarros was born today in Berdechev (near Kiev), Russia. At age 18, she joined a subversive political society and was forced to flee from Czarist police to the United States. She eventually became the first woman admitted to College of Physicians and Surgeons in Boston, earning an M.D. degree in 1893. Her two main causes, for which she became most identified with, were social hygiene and birth control.

Source: http://www.awomanaweek.com/yarros.htm


Rachelle Slobodinsky Yarros

1973 - Jeannette Rankin died today. She was the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress, was a suffragist and a peace activist.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeannette_Rankin


Jeannette Rankin

1991 - Helen Sharman becomes the first British astronaut. She spent 7 days aboard the MIR space station.

Source: http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/people/astronauts/sharman.html


Edited by morticia - 18-May-2006 at 12:08
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 19-May-2006 at 13:10
    Women's History - May 19th

1568 - Queen Elizabeth of England arrested Mary, Queen of Scots. Most vexing to Elizabeth was the situation with Mary, Queen of Scots. Mary was in Elizabeths custody since 1568 for her own protection from disgruntled Scots and from radical Protestants. However, Mary gained the loyalty of Catholic factions and instituted several overthrow plots against her cousin, Elizabeth. Elizabeth had Mary executed in 1587, after irrefutable evidence of Marys involvement in the assassination/overthrow plots came to light, and Elizabeth succumbed to the pressure from her advisors.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_I_of_England


Elizabeth I of England

1836 - Cynthia Ann Parker was captured by Comanches (ca. 1827-ca. 1864). A large force of Comanche warriors accompanied by Kiowa and Kichi allies attacked the fort where Cynthia Ann was in, and, during said raid, seized five captives, including Cynthia Ann Parker. Eventually, the other four were released, but Cynthia remained with the Comanches for 25 years. She forgot the white ways and became thoroughly Comanche. She never voluntarily returned to white society. Subsequently, she married Peta Nocona and eventually had two sons and a daughter, one of her sons was Quanah Parker, who later went on to become Comanche chief.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynthia_Ann_Parker


Cynthia Ann Parker

    

Edited by morticia - 21-May-2006 at 12:52
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 21-May-2006 at 12:45
    Women's History - May 20th

1851: Mother Mary Alphonsa Lathrop (Rose Hawthorne Lathrop) was born. She was the youngest daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne (the writer). She was married to George Lathrop and both embraced Roman Catholicism. As a mission, she chose to help poor patients who suffered from incurable cancer and who lived in the slums of New York City. After her husband died, she became a nun and founded a community of sisters (Dominican tertiaries) to perpetuate her work.
Source: http://59.1911encyclopedia.org/L/LA/LATHROP.htm


1932: Amelia Earhart 's first solo Atlantic flight took place today. Amelia Earhart was a woman pilot whose disappearance in the 1930s has been one of aviation's great mysteries. Ive written many times in this forum about Amelia Earhart.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_Earhart


Amelia Earhart

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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 21-May-2006 at 12:50
    Women's History - May 21st

1888 - Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross today. Though she is remembered as the founder of the American Red Cross, her only prewar medical experience came when, for 2 years, she nursed an invalid brother. Barton learned that wounded men from First Bull Run (during Civil War) suffered not from want of attention, but from lack of medical supplies, so she advertised for donations and began an independent organization to distribute goods. She was granted a general pass by the U.S. Surgeon General William A. Hammond to travel with army ambulances for purposes of distributing comforts for the sick and wounded, and nursing them. For more on Barton, please see:   Source: http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/bart-cla.htm


Clara Barton


Clara Barton

1944 Mary Bourke Robinson was born . In November 1990, without the endorsement of the major parties, Mary Robinson was elected president of Ireland. A champion of womens rights and civil liberties, Robinson was the first woman to hold so high an office in the country. For many in Ireland, Robinsons election was an important symbol of social change. Robinson resigned the post in 1997 to become the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Robinson


Mary Bourke Robinson
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  Quote Jay. Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 21-May-2006 at 13:09
wow, great job, morty! great inititive!
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 22-May-2006 at 13:36
   Thanks, Jay!   

Women's History - May 22nd

1802 - Martha Dandridge Custis Washington died today of a severe fever. She was 27 years old when she married the first president of the United States, George Washington. She was one of the wealthiest women in Virginia, when she inherited 15,000 acres of farmland from her deceased husband, Daniel Parke Custis. For more on Martha Washington, see: Source: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/mw1.html


Martha Washington

1849 - Bertha Honore Palmer was born today. She was a socialite and was married to one of the richest men in Chicago society, Potter Palmer. Bertha belonged to the Chicago Womans club, a progressive organization that lobbied for fair treatment of women and children in hospitals, prisons, poorhouses and in neighborhoods that received too little attention from city government. She used her home to organize female factory workers and coordinate strikes. During the Worlds Columbian Exposition, she served as the de facto hostess for Chicago, entertaining royalty and presidents. She was there for the first official ride of the Ferris wheel on opening day.
Source: Source: http://www.chicagohs.org/aotm/Mar98/mar98fact3.html

    
Bertha Honore Palmer

Edited by morticia - 22-May-2006 at 13:37
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  Quote Maharbbal Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 22-May-2006 at 20:49
Hi,

A quick resume of the month of may in French women history

7th of May 1429: Major victory of Jeanne d'Arc in front of Orlans against the English.

23rd of May 1430: Jeanne d'Arc is captured in Compiegne.

30 of may 1431: Jeanne of Arc is burn on stake at Rouen.

13th may 1613: Marie de Medicis is crowned Queen of France. The very next day, her royal husband Henri IV is murdered in the streets of Paris. She beomes the first regent of the century.

17th of may 1642: Jeanne Mance is second in command during the foundation of Quebec.

14th of may 1643: Death of Louis XIII, Anne d'Autriche becomes regent.

7th of may 1748: Olympe de Gouge is born, she will write the Woman and Citizen Rights in 1791.

20th may 1919: Law about the women vote (not effective).

1st of may 1949: Simone de Beauvoir publishes her essay titled the Second sex.

7th of may 1974: Simone Veil becomes minister of health, she will be at the origine of the free abortion law.

15th may 1991: Edith Cresson becomes the first woman French prime minister.

30th of may 2000: the Constitutional Consil accepts the new article about men and women parity in the institutions.

Here it is. Go on Morty!
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 23-May-2006 at 13:32
Great post Maharbbal.Thank you!    


Women's History - May 23rd

1846 - Arabella Mansfield was born today. Arabella was the first woman admitted to the bar in the United States, making her the first woman lawyer admitted to practice law. She was also an educator and a suffragist. She was inducted into the Iowa Womens Hall of Fame in 1980. Source: http://epics.ecn.purdue.edu/abiwt/work/GAW/Iowa.html


Arabella Mansfield

1926 - Aileen Hernandez was born today. She was a womens rights activist and the only woman member of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity commission, having been appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Source: http://www.nwhp.org/tlp/biographies/hernandez/hernandez_bio.html


Aileen Hernandez


Aileen Hernandez
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 24-May-2006 at 10:49
    Women's History - May 24th

1819 - the future Queen Victoria of England was born today. She was the only child of the fourth son of King George III: Edward, Duke of Kent and Victoria Maria Louisa of Saxe-Coburg (sister of King Leopold of the Belgians). Alexandrina Victoria became heiress-apparent of the British crown on the death of her uncle, George IV, and, when her uncle, William IV, died childless in 1837, she became Queen of Great Britain.

Source: http://www.victorianstation.com/queen.html


Queen Victoria


Queen Victoria

1923 - Siobhan McKenna was born today in Belfast, Northern Ireland. She was an Irish stage and screen actress. Siobhan appeared in films and dramas, including King of Kings (1961 - playing the part of the Virgin Mary), Of Human Bondage (1964) and Doctor Zhivago. She died in 1986 after lung cancer surgery.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siobhan_McKenna
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  Quote Maharbbal Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 24-May-2006 at 13:39
May I ask you what the hell Victoria is doing in this Women History section? What I mean is she was a woman all right but arguably she was so distant from general women conditions and did so little for and as a woman in her public life that she belongs more in the general history section in my sense.
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 25-May-2006 at 12:56
Originally posted by Maharbbal

May I ask you what the hell Victoria is doing in this Women History section? What I mean is she was a woman all right but arguably she was so distant from general women conditions and did so little for and as a woman in her public life that she belongs more in the general history section in my sense.
M.


Well, no matter what she did or did not do for womankind, she is still a female, a royal, and she is part of history. In any event, it seems like most women of royalty during that era were a bit pompous and self-absorbed. Isn't that what "monarchy" was all about?
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  Quote morticia Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 25-May-2006 at 13:00
    Women's History - May 25th

1680 - Elizabeth Haddon Estaugh was born today. She was the founder of the city of Haddonfield in New Jersey. Born into a Quaker family, she later became a Quaker leader.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Haddon

1929 - Belle Silverman (a/k/a Beverly Sills) was born today. She is of Ukrainian and Romanian Jewish background. She is best known as an American opera singer and a birth defects activist.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beverly_Sills


Beverly Sills

Here are a couple of my favorite quotes from Beverly Sills:

"A happy woman is one who has no cares at all; a cheerful woman is one who has cares but doesn't let them get her down." -- Beverly Sills

"You may be disappointed if you fail, but you are doomed if you don't try." Beverly Sills

"Morty

Trust in God: She will provide." -- Emmeline Pankhurst
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